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Psychological theories and gender bias.

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Introduction

PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES AND GENDER BIAS ALPHA BIAS - These theories assume real and enduring differences between men and women. Sometimes they heighten the value of women and sometimes they devalue them. Within socio-biology, for example, differences in male and female behaviour may be attributed to genetic determinism. BETA BIAS - Theories and research into this have generally ignored or minimised sex differences. They have done this by either ignoring questions about the lives of women, or by assuming that findings from studies of males apply equally well to females. ...read more.

Middle

Ideas of 'normal' behaviour may be drawn exclusively from the studies of the development of males e.g. Freuds account of male identity development. GENDERCENTRIC - These theories see male and female development as following separate paths. Theories that are regarded as gendercentric do not devalue women in the way that androcentric theories might. Theories that might be described as gendercentric display an alpha bias, in that they emphasize how males and females differ, rather than how their characteristics might intersect. ...read more.

Conclusion

INTRAPSYCHIC - Attribute all behaviours of an individual to factors within themselves. These theories tend to minimise the role of external influences, thus leading to the inevitable consequence of 'blaming' the victim for whatever happens to them. DETREMINISTIC - Assume that patterns of behaviour have developed as a result of past events and are thus more or less fixed. The consequence of this would be that ideas of gender role become and inflexible aspect of one's personality and are thus relatively unchangeable at a later stage of development. ...read more.

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