• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Psychological therapies of schizophrenia

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Sana Bestwn Discuss psychological therapies for schizophrenia Key AO1, AO2 Point, AO2 Evidence, AO2 Analysis In schizophrenia, the person may believe that somebody or something else is controlling their behaviour. Delusions are thought to result from faulty interpretations of events. CBT is used to hep the patient identify and correct these. During CBT patients are encouraged to: trace the origins of their symptoms to see how they might have developed. Evaluate the content of any delusions or voices and consider ways in which they might test validity of their faulty beliefs and lastly, develop their own alternatives to previous maladaptive beliefs and develop appropriate coping strategies. Outcome studies of CBT suggest that patients who receive cognitive therapy experience fewer hallucinations and delusions and recover their functioning to a greater extent than those who receive anti psychotic medication alone. Research has shown that CBT has a significant effect on improving the symptoms of schizophrenia. E.g. Gould et al support the effectiveness of CBT as they found that all seven studies in their meta-analysis reported a significant decrease in the positive symptoms of schizophrenia after treatment There is strong evidence to support the use of CBT to treat schizophrenia. ...read more.


Specifically they found that older patients were deemed less suitable than younger patients. Consequently, there is a key weakness for this therapy in that the patient has to be motivated to recognise their faulty behaviour and want to change their irrational thought processes. Another type of psychological therapy is Psychoanalysis; it is based on the assumption that individuals are often unaware of the influence of unconscious conflicts on their psychological state. The psychoanalytic approach to schizophrenia assumes that al symptoms are meaningful and reflect unconscious conflicts that must be brought into the conscious mind to be resolved. The first task is to win the trust of the patient and to build a relationship with them. The therapist achieves this by replacing the harsh and punishing conscience (based on patient?s parents) with one that is less destructive and more supportive. As the patient gets healthier, they take a more active role (and the therapist a less active role) in their own recovery. Psychodynamic therapy takes a long time to complete therefore many patients withdraw without completing their therapy. ...read more.


Also, half the studies in this analysis did not randomly allocate patients to treatment conditions, thus introducing a treatment bias that may have affected the results. There is a major weakness against psychoanalysis, the overall cost of the treatment is rather high, so there is the question of whether it is worth the extra expense or whether just taking the antipsychotics is sufficient. However, a counter argument is that the extra expensive is worth it because the overall cost of treatment decreases with time as patients are less likely to seek inpatient treatment and are more likely to gain employment. In conclusion, all cases of schizophrenia are unique and so psychological therapies may work for some schizophrenics and not for others. Also, CBT may work for some schizophrenics whereas CBT with psychoanalysis may be more effective in other patients with schizophrenia. There are many factors that determine the effectiveness and appropriateness of types of psychological therapies, for example: age is a factor as research has found that older patients do not engage fully with the therapy and so they don?t benefit from it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Physiological Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work