• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  22. 22
    22
  23. 23
    23
  24. 24
    24
  25. 25
    25
  26. 26
    26
  27. 27
    27
  28. 28
    28
  29. 29
    29
  30. 30
    30
  31. 31
    31
  32. 32
    32
  33. 33
    33
  34. 34
    34

Psychology Cae Studies

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Case Studies -Paper 1 & 2 The case studies are divided into five component parts which oh yes you baby geniuses should all know by now. Social Psychology Prison Simulation: Haney ,Banks & Zimbardo All the world is a stage: - are we defined by the roles that we play in life? This is precisely what Zimbardo sought to find out-he designed this very creative prison simulation study in order to get it done. Important Points 1 Twenty-four subjects were selected from a pool of 75 The newspaper advertisement asked for male volunteers [ Immediately you should start thinking homogeneous grouping-How can this potentially impact upon the results?] The experiment was to last 14 days and it only lasted for 5, why is it that the time had to be so drastically shortened? Was the experiment noteworthy? Was the experiment a failure? Did we learn anything from the experiment? Methodology 1) Newspaper Advertisement: -self selecting persons who had an interest in seeing the study become successful. If you volunteer to become a part of a study clearly you have an interest and feel a sense of responsibility towards the experiment. 2) Subjects were predominately white and middle class. This implies that the subjects are from similar backgrounds, and so share similar experiences. In such cases we call them a homogeneous group. A homogeneous group because of their similar experiences are not likely to be representative of the wider population. Consequently results are likely to reflective of them, not the general population. In this instance we may only have learn how a prison population with predominately white males from a middle class background is likely to behave. Remember the purpose of much of research is to generalise to the wider population. 3) Thumbs up for the use of questionnaires and an interview, which were used to screen the subjects. Thumbs down - what constituted healthy? ...read more.

Middle

that they performed were likely to impact upon their receiving help. More trials 65 were carried out with the cane condition than the drunk condition 38. The gender of the victims could have played a role as they were all male. The ethnicity of the model could also be of significance. [Note:- The cane victim received spontaneous help(help before the model could act) 62-65 times-the drunk victim 19-38-Read what was said about the potential impact of the conditions-Seeing a young man with a cane we are likely to help because we may think that to carry a cane at this stage of his life must mean that something is wrong with him-in contrast a drunk young man must be a bum] Persons could have been forced to help because unlike in the real world such as on the street they could pass by, in the carriage they were stuck/faced with the situation and so may have been compelled to act. [Also note the age, gender, and race of both the victims and the helper (model)] Ecological Validity The experiment took place in a real life situation-pro ecological validity (EV) The experiment was testing for a concept developed in the lab-con EV In most real life situations individuals have the opportunity to walk away Both males and females are victims in real life Ethics Persons took part in an experiment of which they were not aware-never had the opportunity to reject or accept. The train company was not made aware that an experiment was taking place on their trains. Social Implications Research concepts developed in the lab, may be valid only in the lab and not relevant to real life situations. Beliefs about physical stature may affect how males and females conceptions about themselves. Race may make persons more sympathetic or less sympathetic to each other under adverse situations. Researchers need to test more of their laboratory concepts in the real world. ...read more.

Conclusion

How will different people see and agree on the same thing Despite using two independent observers only 51 of the children were used. The missing 13 may have been uncommonly aggressive and may have changed the results. Two of the observers knew the children this could have made their judgements subjective This study may have consisted of uncommonly aggressive children. We may merely be finding out how aggressive children imitate aggression not how aggression is learnt. The control group despite not having models shows comparable levels aggression despite not having aggressive models. This means these children could have been uncommonly aggressive. Ecological Validity If the children were uncommonly aggressive the study may not have measured how aggression is learnt, and it may not have shown if aggression is innate because the children's environment may have resulted in their uncommon aggressiveness. The children may merely have imitated adult behaviour instead of actually learning aggressive behaviour. Children don't normally have to view aggressive acts without adults present to provide explanations, e.g. parents, adult supervisors interpret television information for the children. The situation the children found themselves in was rather artifical In today's everchanging world unfortunately children are increasingly being forced to interpret information for themselves as they are babysat by televisions. Boys made more aggressive acts than girls, for evidence of this validity take no further look than our prisons. Girls showed more verbal aggression than did boys, this would provide evidence for the popular belief that females are more verbal than males. Ethics Observing the children through a one way mirror. This was done without permission from their parents. The children were deliberately upset by the experimenters. Not allowing the children to play with the toys. 9note reason given why was designed to upset the child) Intimidating the children to stay in a room in stage 3 of the experment-what else did you think that was? The children would have left otherwise. Social Implications Boys made more aggressive acts, than did girls. This shows that males more likely to become aggressive than females. It is expected of them in society. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Behaviourist Perspective

    3 star(s)

    More able students can skip certain steps, allowing faster learning. I decided to write the assumptions and the basic principles, and contributions on behaviourism because it has relevant information and shows you a perspective on behaviourist as well as the theories on Skinner and Pavlov and Watson who we have not really studied.

  2. The Ethics of Milgram, Zimbardo and Hofling. Was it worth it?

    The effects of this from an ethical point of view is that the inmates were subject to mental and physical mistreatment on a grand scale, meanwhile the guards it seemed had forgotten that the situation was experimental, as they grew more sadistic an abuse of power was displayed.

  1. Is Popular culture an Influence on Violent Behaviour?

    The question of abstinence is clear in adults who have the mental capacity and intelligence to decide what to watch, however the statement does not address the fact that children do not always possess the same intellect as adults, and thus voluntary desistance is not an option.

  2. Task1 Counselling 1aPhysical signs and symptoms of stress

    - 6 years Latency stage - 6 years - puberty Genital stage - maturation of sexual interests Relating Mrs A's Son to these stages Oral stage - If Mrs A's son is not sufficiently nourished he will fixate his pleasure seeking energies on this stage - he will be constantly stimulating his mouth through smoking, biting, chewing etc.

  1. This will involve looking into the organisational structure and culture of the Oceans 11 ...

    account for a large portion of the organisation work, in comparison to the less experienced employees or team members. 3.3 Experience: One of the minor problems in the Ocean's 11 case study is Linus being the youngest member and also the most inexperienced.

  2. What causes crime?

    Some theorists argue that boredom arises from increased, not decreased arousal (Zuckerman et al, 1969). Also, other researchers have identified other personality traits other than the ones that Eysenck has identified, that are related to criminal behaviour (McGurk et al 1981).

  1. The study into the use of Roamer in promoting basic concepts in geometry for ...

    Primary data allows personal input to be made to the project as it uses motivation and to a certain extent initiative. It is necessary for me to use several different methods as different aspects of this project require specific research tools that are going to be outlined.

  2. Report on Reading Dads Promotion at Leicester Prison

    Participants were provided with a marker pad and drawing pen which they were able to take away with them in the hopes that they would continue to develop their skills. Leicester Prison would like to thank Sara Benson from Read On Write Away for arranging funding for these resources.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work