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Psychology essay. Source: 'Families need fathers' written by Steve Doughly.

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Introduction

Psychology assignment essay Source: 'Families need fathers' written by Steve Doughly in the Daily Mail, Wednesday, June 13 2001. Part 1: What are the underlying psychological assumptions in or the issues raised by the source? The first issue raised in this article is the issue of ATTACHMENT. The assumption is that fathers play just as a big role in the physical as well as emotional role of their children, as mothers do. In fact in the newspaper it tells us of a study named 'What good are dads?' reports the involvement of fathers with children of primary school age improves their chances of exam success at the age of 16. Also, that young people who have a regular contact with their fathers are less likely to have a criminal record by the age of 21. Psychological evidence particularly for this theme of attachment comes from Shaffer and Emerson's study (during 1960's), which found that a considerable amount of children who they had studied did not actually see the mother as the primary figure. In fact nearly a third of 18 month old children were more strongly attached to their father. The second issue raised is the role that both mothers and fathers play in the up- bringing of their children. ...read more.

Middle

Stage 3 particularly showed the infant showing distress when they are separated from the attachment figure or preferred adult, indicating specific attachment. Shaffer and Emerson had also found that quite a lot infants that they had studied were more attached to their fathers, and that the infants did not necessarily form their primary attachment with the person who provided them with physical care. However, Bowlby (another psychologist who studied attachment) had argued that the first and most important attachment figure is nearly always the mother. He claimed that she is the main provider of emotional and physical care for the infant. He also said that the mother was the primary figure, looking after the child emotionally and the father was helping both the mother and the child by providing for them financially. He had also said that without these two figures the child could not possibly develop in a healthy way, as there is no model (or prototype) for it to do the same thing in later relationships. The famous psychologist Freud found that primarily the mother, but also the father played a big role in the up bringing of their child. He described the mother's status as 'unique, without parallel, established unalterably for a whole lifetime as the first and strongest love-object as the prototype of all later love- relationships'. ...read more.

Conclusion

People who regret their childhood may have not grown up with the love of two parents. The article had quoted that 'children with two parents have better social skills'. This again is a good message to parents in our society today. If they want their children to succeed they must stay together in order to help the child succeed. They must help the child by standing by it when they need help, and also by both parents contributing in the education of their child. Eron et al. had said that children, who rebel against society, rebel due them coming from less-well nurtured families. Children coming from one-parent families, maybe the mother or fathers not having enough time to care for the welfare of their children. Therefore when people do rebel it could be useful in determining why someone is how they are, (e.g. what their past was like), or why they have done such a thing (e.g. they were not cared for when they were younger, therefore they do not care about committing crimes or rebelling against society). It helps psychologists to psychoanalyse someone, and it may result in helping the person according to what they are suffering from. For example, if one is continuously abusing someone (e.g. their wife), it may be due to him or her also being abused when they were younger. ...read more.

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