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Psychology Notes - What are the ethical research practices in psychology? and What is learning?

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CRITICAL THINKING Critical Thinking Paper Judith King University of Alaska Learning Unit 2: Research Methods Select: What are the ethical research practices in psychology? The basis of ethical research in psychology first and foremost is that the volunteer patient expects that no harm, either physical or psychological, will come to them as a participant of the research. The guidelines are outlined in our text as follows: 1. The rights and well-being of participants must be weighed against the study?s value to science. 2. Participants must be allowed to make an informed decision about participation. 3. Deception must be justified. 4. Participants may withdraw from the study at any time. 5. 5. Participants must be protected from risks or told explicitly of risks. 6. Investigators must debrief participants, telling the true nature of the study and expectations of results. 7. Data must remain confidential. 8. If for any reason a study results in undesirable consequences for the participant, the researcher is responsible for detecting and removing, or correcting, these consequences. (Ciccarelli & White, 2011) ...read more.


According to the text, ?Learning is the process that allows us to adapt to the changing conditions of the world around us.? (Ciccarelli & White, 2011) There are many forms of learning, since each one of us learns in different ways. Collect: Methods of Learning Throughout our book I learned of many different learning methods. Classical conditioning, operant conditioning, Jungian learning styles, and many more were discussed. One of the most famous examples of conditioned emotional response to a learned phobia was that of Watson and ?Little Albert?. Behaviors can be learned. According to an article on Watson?s research on behaviorism by Christopher D. Green, ?They must be retraced along at least three collateral lines - to conditioned and transferred responses set up in infancy and early youth in all three of the fundamental human emotions.? (Watson, 1997) Reflect: Fear of Water I have always had a fear of water. After reading the unit about learning and the theory of behaviorism, I was able to remember why I feared water. My brother?s were constantly throwing me in the swimming pool even though I did not know how to swim well. ...read more.


She played with Barbie dolls and detested being dirty. I played with GI Joes and would roll in a mud puddle if allowed. She was very blunt, forceful, loud, and had to be the center of attention. I was quiet, self-motivated, introverted, and liked being alone. I was I think this is where behaviorism and the social cognitive theory fails. Although we were raised with the same external stimuli and environmental factors, we are two very different people. Connect: Training While I do not have an academic example, I can relate to my job. Part of my job is training people. I have learned behaviors which people exhibit that can tell me right off whether they are going to grasp what I am teaching or completely ignore me. If I applied the social cognitive theory to their actions, I could deduce that their parents allowed them to be disrespectful and did not teach them to pay attention when being spoken to. Reference: Ciccarelli, S., & White, J. (2011). Psychology. (3 ed. p. 494). Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall. Bandura, A. (1989, September). Human agency in social cognitive theory . Retrieved from http://des.emory.edu/mfp/Bandura1989AP.pdf. ...read more.

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