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Psychology. Zimbardo carried out a prison simulation experiment in 1971.

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Introduction

Psychology 1) Explain what is meant by the terms, informed consent and protection from psychological harm. In formed consent is an ethical guideline, which states that participants' agreement to take part in research should be based on their full knowledge and understanding of the nature and purpose pf the research. Therefore they should be made aware of any tasks required of them and their right to withdraw and any other aspects of the research that might affect their willingness to participate. Protection from psychological harm. This is an ethical guideline, which states that participants should be protected from psychological harm, such as distress, ridicule, or loss of self esteem. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore this shows us that the whole point about acting a role is that you are more likely to behave in the way that you believe the role that you have been given would act, especially when you have an audience. 3) "Sometimes people obey authority but sometimes resist it" Discuss what research into obedience tells us about why people obey and how people might resist obedience. Obedience is compliance with an order issued by an authority figure. Obedience is not as general as conformity; it is related to specific instruction from another person. Many people obey to many, if not most orders that we are given everyday, as that is what it has always been like, if someone gives you an order you more often then not. ...read more.

Conclusion

Milgram's study also shows how people may resist obedience because a few people stopped at 250volts as they were not willing to kill someone just to obey what the orders of others. Also Milgram's Gramson et al experiment in 1982 shows the resistance of obedience. The groups of people involved in this experiment realised that they were being manipulated to produce tapes of evidence supporting the oil company's position. Disobedience rates were virtually 100%. In some groups participants threatened to confiscate the videotapes. In all groups there were some rebellions and all but 4 groups refused to sign the affidavit giving MHRC permission to use the video tape in a trial. Therefore Milgram could see that many people will resist obedience if they believe that what they are being told to do is unethical. ...read more.

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