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report that shows your reflection on and evaluation of your personal style and the methods available of enhancing learning.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Managing your own learning Write a 2,500-word report that shows your reflection on and evaluation of your personal style and the methods available of enhancing learning. There are many different theories of learning, but there are three fundamental forms of learning theory, these being behaviourist, cognitive constructivist and social constructivist. In this study I will explore briefly these theories and a number of theories that branch from them. I will then apply them to myself and evaluate my learning abilities and personal style with reference to them. Behaviourism is an approach to psychology devised by John Watson focusing on variables we can manipulate, natural reflex's and reactions, and purely on the premise that the human mind is not in any way independent and regards all human actions to be merely reactions to previous habituation. Behaviourists believe that the way people behave is derived from learning and that learning alters a person's behaviour. Learning is defined by behaviourists as the gaining of new behaviour. Highly influential in the earlier part of the 1900s, behaviourism maintains that the way we behave is a reaction to environmental stimuli. Behaviourists use the term 'conditioning', meaning the learning of a new behaviour through unnatural stimulus. Classical conditioning happens when a natural reflex is provoked by a stimulus, a famous example being Ivan Pavlov's experiment where he changed a dog's normal response to food. Normally, a dog will salivate when food is in its mouth. Pavlov conducted an experiment to see if he could achieve this response with a different trigger. At first, he rang a bell (a conditioned stimulus), and then gave the dogs food. ...read more.

Middle

Activist: An activist is a person who learns through actions. They revel in new experiences and learn best when they are involved in something challenging. An activist will often be very enthusiastic to work in competitive teamwork situations, but become easily unresponsive when already learned information must be executed. They are constantly looking for new things to do and get bored when the novelty of something wears off, causing them to lose enthusiasm quickly. They learn best when put in situations were they can lead a group, taking charge, role-play situations and when they can publicise their views without contradiction or criticism. An activist will struggle to learn in a solitary environment and when given information in a repetitive manner. Reflector: A reflector is someone who prefers to observe and evaluate situations from a variety of perspectives, reaching a conclusion only when they have analysed the information and observed others' views. Tending to stand back and remove themselves from involvement in situations, this caution can be observed as reluctance to contribute and indecisiveness. Reflectors learn most effectively on the occasions that they are given time to analyse situation and consider they're attitude. They prefer to contribute only after others have concluded a general point of view. Reflectors will struggle to learn when put in situations where they must lead or directly input their ideas. Theorist: A theorist is someone who prefers to learn using models and theories, using steps as a rational and clear method of coming to conclusions. A theorist will often discount emotion when thinking and will be intolerant of emotive responses and indecision. ...read more.

Conclusion

Honey and Mumford advise activists to take up opportunities to work within a group situation often. Also it is advised that an activist work in a flexible environment where there are few limitations so as to achieve their full potential. Also, it is advised that an activist seek out new experiences and focus on things that challenge them to the best of their ability. A modern method of learning: I was advised to look into E-Learning to improve my knowledge and my learning skills. E-learning is a very popular method of learning that is now used in most institutions in some respect. E-learning is the use of the electronic sources to gain knowledge. However, Peter Honey recently produced a survey intended to disclose you 'e-learning style.' He found that Activists do not benefit from e-learning a large amount because they prefer their learning to be a quicker process, learning that they can be challenged with rather than the 'set you own pace' way in which e-learning teaches. Activists are likely to be less disciplined in their learning when they are in a solitary environment (like when learning from a computer) and they find it difficult to be organised enough to complete the task in hand, without the motivation gained from being in an alternative environment, namely a group/ teamwork position. Honey states that Theorists and Pragmatists are more likely to be successful in their e-learning because of their ability to work alone and their attitude that other people being involved is unnecessary, as their time-management skills are superior to that of an activist and a reflector. However, by improving myself in the fields I am weak in, I plan to become efficient at e-learning, to have more discipline and overall, improve my understanding and knowledge. ...read more.

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