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Research Study About Accidents That Occur To Young Children.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction For my year 10 child development coursework I have been set the task of completing a research study about accidents that occur to young children. Young children are vulnerable to accidents. Carry out research into their safety. Key words Vulnerable = Able to be hurt or injured. exposed to danger or criticism. Accident = Unexpected event, one causing damage, chance. Research = Study and investigation to find new facts. Safety = Free from danger. Children = A boy or girl between birth and puberty. Accidents Burns and scalds Accidents with plug sockets Minor cuts and bruises Deep cuts Choking Drowning Poisoning Road accident Accidents involving baby equipment Accidents involving everyday products Accidents in the car Accidents in the nursery Accidents on the playground Near dangerous chemicals In the front room Near windows On the play ground On the stairs In or near water Near irons, matches, lighters Near open fires or cookers Playing with broken toys, loose parts Sharp objects Near electrical appliances In the nursery In cars On roads With baby equipment Why accidents happen: * Child left to climb stairs alone. * Child has easy access to sharp objects e.g. knife. * Baby rolling off the sofa. * Electrical or gas appliances left where child can turn it on. * Child left unsupervised in or near water. * No fireguard. * Household objects left in reach of children. * Nuts given to young children. * No gate on stairs. * No child's car seat. * Medicine left where children can reach it. * Toys have been given to children broken. * Children have easy access to breakable glass. * Child crosses road alone. * Child plays on playground alone. How accidents can be prevented: * Supervise child while in water, near stairs, on playground and on the road. * Teach children about safety from an early age. * Have a car seat fitted. ...read more.

Middle

* When paddling pools are not in use empty then and store them upside down in a safe and secure place. Burns and scalds: * Never hold a hot drink whilst carrying a child. * Keep hot drinks out of child's reach. * Use a coiled flex or cordless device where possible. * Keep small children out of the kitchen if possible when it is being used. * Run the hot water system at 54 degrees C. * Check the heat of baths and showers before letting children in. * Always use rear hotplates and turn pan handles away from the front of the cooker. Poisoning: > Keep medicines and chemicals out of sight and reach of children, if possible keep in a locked cupboard. > Watch what older siblings feed your child. > Don't use the term 'Candy' as a slang term for medicine. > Don't leave alcohol or dangerous chemicals in children's reach. > Don't take medicine in front of your child. Choking and suffocation: * Watch children with things like small toys, peanuts and marbles. * Don't give children toys which are not appropriate for their age group. * Don't leave cords on curtains and blinds loose in child's reach. Fires: * Watch children anywhere near fires. * Keep matches and lighters away from children. * Warn children about the risk that fire poses. * Fix a fireguard if you have a open fire. Electrical: * Have coiled flexes and short cords on electrical appliances. * Don't allow children near uncovered plug sockets. Falls: * Watch children when climbing. * Clear all tripping hazards away and store them safely. * Never leave babies unsupervised on high surfaces. * Fit window locks. The majority of accidents happen to children between the ages of 1-2 as suggested in the paragraph about infant mobility. Questionnaire = 1 Person 1. Did your child have more accidents before, they could crawl, whilst they could crawl or when they had learnt to walk? ...read more.

Conclusion

* Three children die as a result of a home accident every week. * Inside the home most accidents happen in the living/ dining area. * 78% of drowning incidents in the U.K. occur to boys. * Every year 10, 000 small children are referred to hospital because they are thought to have swallowed household chemicals. The information sources I used to complete my research study are: * The internet. * Leaflets. * Books. * A Safety video. I feel that the most useful information I collected was off the R.O.S.P.A site and in the book 'The new baby care book' by Dr Miriam Stoppard. I also feel that the most useless out of these information sources was the safety video as it was home safety for 0-5 year olds and most of the information was irrelevant. I carried out my research by collecting different information sources and finding relevant information when I had found some I wrote it out in my own words, I also took quotations from various sources and commented on them. Whilst doing my coursework I have learnt how to draw up graphs on the computer using Microsoft Excel and how to do hypothesis. Other skills that I used in my research study are typing on the computer, collecting and presenting information, producing a introduction, research, evaluation and conclusion. I think that most of my project has gone quite well except I could have put more detail into my work, I also think that collecting and presenting the information was the most difficult task throughout my research study as you have to be careful how you put things into your own words and you have to make sure that you actually put it into your own words not just copy it all. The piece of work which I am most pleased with is my research as I didn't think I would be able to collect as much information as I have done. If I were to do my project again I would put more detail in my work and include more surveys and graphs. ...read more.

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