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S.A.D. is seasonal affective disorder also known as the winter blues.

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hinkelman1 Theresa Hinkelman Flanders ENC1101 11/14/02 A Blue Season S.A.D. is seasonal affective disorder also known as the winter blues. Symptoms include- lack of energy, increase in intake of carbs, increase in eating sweets, increased weight gain, excessive increase in sleep, sluggish throughout day, socially withdrawn during fall and winter months, lost interest in sexual activity, feelings of sadness, emptiness, or anxiousness. So people with this disorder complete turn opposite manic in a sense in the spring or summer months. They get a massive burst of energy and are almost borderline obsessively productive, like a build up of energy just bursting out. ...read more.


The body produces the hormone melatonin from the pineal gland (hypothalamus) deep in the brain while we sleep. It has a slowing effect on the nervous system and induces sleep. People with seasonal affective disorder nightly production of melatonin secretion is prolonged, it fails to shut off on time. Those that are most at risk would be women in their twenties, those who have family members with depression or those that are subject to depression. In the United States, seasonal affective disorder starts in October and peaks in January it subsides in April. ...read more.


There are ways to prepare for its return with preventative measures, like starting an exercise program, start visiting with a cognitive psychotherapist, or those that know ahead of time starting their medicines like Zoloft, beta-blocker propranolol, or St. Johns Wort, which is an antidepressant hypeorin. There is also 5-http= amino acid 5 hydroxtrptophan which increases serotonin without side effects and works for migraines too. However, for most light therapy in the morning before rising is the most commonly used treatment. Other treatments are still being researched. There is usually a side effect to every kind of treatment. Therefore, this winter when you are having a blue day stop and ask yourself is it just one blue day or could it be the winter blues. ...read more.

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Seasonal Affective Disorder is a depression which is fairly easily explained, although more research is still being carried out into this condition. Information, for example, is very easy to access. The writer could improve this work by explaining in more detail the connection between the winter months, the lack of light, the hormones, the body's chemistry, the circadian cycles and SAD. Unfortunately, the essay lacks detail. It is far too basic with no references at all. The writer needs a good introduction to the subject of SAD with a good definition or two. Then the writer can go on to describe what SAD is and how it is diagnosed and treated. Finally, the writer could add a few sentences at the end to conclude the essay weighing up the research on SAD.

Score 2*

Marked by teacher Linda Penn 08/10/2013

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