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Sensory learning

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Introduction

The multi-store model of memory has been criticized for its simplicity. Describe and evaluate the multi-store model and contrast it with one other model of memory The purpose of models of memory is to view a larger picture of how the whole system of memory works. One model of memory is the multi-store model of memory by Atkinson and Shiffrin. The multi-store model of memory (MSM) is an explanation of how memory processes work based on the idea that there are three separate stores. This model can be compared with the working memory model (WM), by Baddely and Hitch, where they give an explanation of immediate memory. The MSM shows that information first arrives at the senses. If attention is focused on it, then it is transferred to short-term memory. ...read more.

Middle

The MSM is also the basis of many late models, even if they were then divided into further STM and LTM stores. However, The model of memory has been criticized for its simplicity. It does not sufficiently explain LTM, as rehearsal doesn't explain all LTM memories, e.g flashbulb memories. The MSM is over simplified and in practice, there are no clear differences between stores of memory. It presents a passive view of memory and cannot account for active processes such as reconstruction. Research shows that memory does consist of a series of different stores that are linked by rehearsal, as described by the MSM. However, there is more to memory than this, which is explained in other models of memory. ...read more.

Conclusion

The model explains how simultaneous performance of two visual tasks interfere with each other, but not when one task is visual and the other auditory. A strength of this model would be that the model is supported by empirical evidence. It is supported by a further experiment showing that dual task performance is reduced when both tasks involve the same component. This is hard to explain in the MSM model. This model explains how we can do two things at once if they involve different stores and why we have trouble doing two things involving the same store. It describes rehearsal as one component, which makes more sense compared to the central importance given in the multi-store model. A criticism of this model may be that the description of the central executive is vague and there may be more than one component within in. Vicky Canavan ...read more.

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