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Sexual sensation seeking, reduced concern about HIV and sexual risk behaviour among gay men in primary relationships

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Introduction

Sexual sensation seeking, reduced concern about HIV and sexual risk behaviour among gay men in primary relationships This study examines risks and attributes that are coherent with HIV within sub-set of gay men who are in primary relationships. The authors of this study stated that over the past two decades the infection of HIV within gay men in the USA has declined but rates of infection still remain high which may increase within this group. Lert (2000) stated that treatments like Antiretroviral have made HIV seem like a manageable illness. "There is evidence that those changes in the treatment of HIV infection have altered the perception of sexual risk among gay men and other groups." (Vanable et al, 2000) Gagon & Godin (2000) stated that gay men's concern for the use of condom's had lessened as their perception towards HIV infection being treated. Relationships within gay men described by themselves were non-exclusive. (Hickson et al, 1992) This raised the rate of infections being brought into the relationships. As stated in the study there are many ways how relationships can affect gay men from HIV risk status. ...read more.

Middle

"Gay men who establish rules within their relationships that prohibit sexual activity outside of the primary relationships presumably are less motivated to release themselves from sexual restraint." TITLE OF PAPER MISSING.............. As the participants are not seeking a rationale to engage in risky sexual behaviour they are less affected by reduced concern about HIV. The aim of this study was to investigate and explore gay primary relationships which are coherent with sexual risk dynamics, also stated that exclusive sexual behaviour was a vital process for the effect of risky attitudes on unsafe intercourse. The last hypothesis stated aboive in a one-tailed hypothesis. One tailed hypothesis is when the direction change is specified. The participants for this study were self-identified gay and bisexual men. 492 men were given a brief anonymous survey during a gay street fair held in Chicago for two-days. Forty seven percent of the participants were in a primary sexual relationship. Up to sixteen percent of the participants indicated that they were HIV - positive. "Participants mean age was 36.4 years, 77% identified themselves as European American, while 11%, 5% and 1% identified themselves as African American, Latino and Asian/Pacific Islander, respectively. ...read more.

Conclusion

An open question asks the respondent to answer a question in their own words. Open questions give the respondent more freedom but coding the responses can be difficult and time consuming. Most researchers see closed questions as suitable for simple, factual data such as age, gender and income level. Open questions are usually seen as more suitable for data on attitudes and values where respondents are required to express how they feel. An open question allows them to say things in their own way. Self-completion questionnaires have advantages and disadvantages. The advantages are that they are very cheap, no interviewers to pay also they are cheap to classify results. As a result, often possible to survey a large sample. It is fast and efficient analysis possible with pre-coded closed questions. Answers can be easily quantified and entered straight on to computers. Also the interviewer does not influence the respondents answers as there is no bias feeling in a survey. The alternative method that should have been used in this study should have bee semi-structured interview: The semi structured interview is often the most successful approach, with the use of some prepared questions by the interviewer, supplemented by opportunities for the interviewee to expand the answers that have been given. ...read more.

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