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Shuttleworth College Outdoor Education Department - The Department has asked me to compile a report on the Departments ability to meet the needs of children at various stages of development.

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Outdoor Education Unit 15 Working with Children Tutor: Steven Rodger Student: Ken McMullen 2004/2005 Introduction Shuttleworth College Outdoor Education Department has reviewed my reports on the activity day for local schools that I ran as a student last year. The Department has asked me to compile a report on the Departments ability to meet the needs of children at various stages of development. The governors have also asked that I look at the legal and welfare requirements involved when working with children. Firstly I will write a report exploring the needs of children at different stages of development. In this report I will include: * Pre-school * 5-11 years * Adolescents * Development * Motivation * Purpose The second part of the report will be investigating the legal and welfare requirements for working with and protecting children. Task 1 Pre-school 4 Years Physical development * Can climb a ladder * Walks up and down stairs with ease * Can through ball overhead General behaviour * Toilet trained * Can almost dress and undress self * Eats with fork and spoon * Washes and dries hands Language * Engages in coherent conversations * Gives name, age and address * Understands time Typical personality * Uses imagination * Self sufficient * Lively * Can share-not always successfully Common problems * Noisy and assertive * Wilful * Makes up ...read more.


Almost like a day care centre where they can either choose to take part in ball games or peddle trucks outside or listen to stories whilst they use their imagination to draw, sculpt or colour in what they want. Children at this age often like to use their imagination and create their own games so leaving them to play what they would like to play is often a good method of trying to promote sharing and social development. If leaving the children to play what they want does not work then organised games such as races and other competitive games would please them to no end. 6-8 Year Olds Six to eight year olds start a steady pace of growing and learning realising that real tasks and activities overtake pretends and fantasy. Children of this age are ready to initiate in projects, problem solving and resolve arguments. They also become a little more adventurous and start to play with toys such as skateboards, bikes, construction sets, camping and sporting equipment and musical instruments. Also enjoying planning and building whilst their ability to problem solve increases dramatically. So perhaps a well suited activity for six to eight year olds would be problem solving as they enjoy testing their own muscle strength, showing strong desires to perform well and seeks a sense of security in group-organised play However this ...read more.


ChildLine ChildLine is a free 24-hour helpline based in the UK for children in distress or danger. Trained workers (volunteer counsellors) Comfort, advise and protect children who may feel they have nowhere else to go or no one else to turn to. Unfortunately every day around 4,000 children call ChildLine, but due to the lack of funds only approximately 1,800 of the calls can be answered and put through to the workers to be comforted, advised and protected. Children call about a wide range of things, but the most common problems are abuse (sexual and physical), bullying, serious family conflicts, worries about friends' welfare and teenage pregnancy. Since ChildLine first started in 1986,It has saved Children's lives, found refuges for children in danger on the streets, and has given hope to thousands of children who were once lost and alone. Since then ChildLine has counselled and helped over a million children and young people. Organisations such as these help not only children but also the adults who work with children supplying them with advice and how to treat children of all ages. So these organisations are very important to anyone involved with children and the children themselves, If you were to enter a job that involved working with children then you should always ask for a copy of their code of conduct, procedures and a child protection information booklet (if available). 1 1 ...read more.

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