• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Social Pressure and Perception

Extracts from this document...


Social Pressure and Perception Introduction Picture yourself in the following scenarios, you've answered an advert in the local paper to take part in an experiment for psychology purposes, you arrive along with others but not realising that you are the only true volunteer. You are all placed in a darkened room and the only thing you can see is a pin point of light which tends to move (The Autokinetic Effect). Then later your all asked how much the pin points of light moved and then compared the answers collected from the other volunteers (Stooges). As an individual you give your answer which is different from your group answer. Another experiment involves two cards, one contains a single vertical line and the other card contains three different lengths of vertical lines. The end result in both of these experiments shows how we conform to others. I'm going to explain in two ways in depth how we "Conform" to others, the "Self Concept" and "Obedience". At the end of this essay you will see that I've noted how important it is that we meet the BPS ethical guidelines when experiments like these are done. ...read more.


As we grow and develop our self into the unique human we are today we see ourselves through others. Charles Horton Cooley proposed the theory "Looking Glass Self" the process of developing a self-image on the basis of the messages we get from others, as we understand them. There are three components to the looking glass self: 1. We imagine how we appear to others. 2. We imagine what their judgement of that appearance must be. 3. We develop some self-feeling such as pride or mortification, as a result of our imagining others judgement. 4. Charles Cooley basically tells us that we use others as a mirror and that is how we think others see us. In 1969 Michael Argyle described four main factors that affect the way an individuals self concept develops and is maintained in day to day living. These factors are: 1. Other peoples reactions for instance if we are talking to another person and they seem to look at something else or seem to be "in another place" we feel that we are dull and boring the other person or don't seem interesting enough for the other person to want to pay full attention. ...read more.


Ultimately 65% of all the "teachers" punished the "learners" to the maximum 450 volts. No subject stopped before reaching 300 volts. Based on the BPS Ethical Guidelines, Milgrams experiment has been criticized previously because the following BPS Ethical Guidelines had not been met: 1. Consent: The students had not been correctly informed about the experiment and the true details of the experiment had been withheld. 2. Deception: Throughout Milgrams experiment deceit has played a big part as the students were not informed that the "Learner" was in fact a stooge and that no shocks had actually been administered. 3. Withdrawal from the investigation: The students were informed that they could withdraw from the experiment at any time but they were made to feel that what they were doing was permitted and that they should carry on with the experiment. Conclusion My conclusion is that it is very important that we, us, "I" look and use others to shape our own personalities and to attempt to become the better person than the next. Having the BPS Ethical Guidelines in place enables experiments like Asch and Sherif to take place in a safe and assured environment but at the same time getting the results intended. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Psychology Questions Ansewered

    These cues even though they aid our memory may cause our recollection to be tainted. We may genuinely believe that what we are remembering is accurate but in truth we fail to recall the information, as it actually occurred. The manipulation of words in the study demonstrated how easily our recollection of information can be affected.

  2. conjugal roles

    This graph shows us than men fulfil the traditional gender specific role of making and repairing things around the house. Few women in comparison to the numbers of males are doing the D.I.Y. In this chart it is evident that more women are participating now than in the seventies and

  1. The experiment conducted tested the theory of conformity under the influence of group pressure.

    People conform to group standards for varying reasons. First and foremost, group members must conform to make decisions. Conformity occurs when members choose the course of action that the majority favours. For instance, a group may have a norm that requires group consensus before it can adopt a course of action.

  2. whether leading questions can affect a person's memory of a question and insert an ...

    On the other hand, interference when encoding the memory or replacing of memory may also provoke distortion. Also, the experiments lack ecological validity because the participants were shown a film and not a real car crash, and the experiment was conducted in a laboratory increasing the chance of demand characteristics.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work