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Social Psychology

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Introduction

Psychology - Social Assessment Questions If a teacher tells you to do something it is usual that you obey. This situation can be changed for example if the person resisting obedience has an ally. This can make it more difficult for the teacher to discipline the student as they feel they are being backed up by one of their peers, they would feel more confident about ignoring teacher's orders. 2) People may or may not conform to others in-group situations. Asch's study shows people conforming in group situations. This is evident in the study conducted by Asch (1956) who aimed to find out whether people conformed to the majority on a group situation. He found that on the 12 critical trials, 36.8% of the responses made by true participants were incorrect. Approximately, one quarter of the participants didn't conform in any of the trials. This shows that almost half of the group conformed to a group situation even if they didn't agree with the answers of the others. ...read more.

Middle

The tests tended to lack ecological validity as they were conducted in a lab and not likely to be done in real life. People do not always obey orders from someone in authority. For example, in the Milgram study where the setting was moved, people felt less pressurised to obey orders from someone when they were in a downtown office as compared to being in a Yale University, where they found it harder to resist authority. Resistance was also increased when the victim was seen or when other participants were present. Another reason why people might not obey orders from someone in authority is due to morality. The may feel that something is not ethically acceptable. For example, in Milgram's study where the participants were presented with dilemmas, those who based their decisions on more general moral principles were more defiant in the Milgram study. The third reason why people do not always obey from someone in authority is because of the idea of social heroism. ...read more.

Conclusion

Twenge et al found that young Americans increasingly believe that their lives are controlled by external circumstances. This makes them external. Attribution style is a personal attribute that indicates how people explain themselves why they experience a particular event. There are 3 different components; personal, permanent and pervasive. Personal is when a person sees themselves as the cause of an event, permanent is when a person sees that situation as affecting all aspects of their life being restricted. For example, Heaven et al found significant differences between self-identified studious students and rebellious students. Rebels scored higher on negative attribution style, whereas studious students scored higher on positive attribution style. Conformity is when people agree with the majority/minority view. They will usually go against what they themselves believe and will conform to either fit in (normative social influence) or be correct (informational social influence). For example, in a juror's court, other people in the jury may be likely to withhold their opinion due to not wanting to go against what other people say. Obedience is when people act on another persons orders. For example, acting on a figure of authority's orders. This is existent in the Milgram study whereby the participants obeyed the experimenter. ...read more.

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