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Social Work Theory and Methods of Intervention

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Introduction

10042439 1. Social Work Theory and Methods of Intervention This piece of work will attempt to look at how a chosen Social Work method can be useful in case work intervention with an individual. It will look at the theory in detail with regards to its application in the client/worker relationship, taking into consideration issues of anti-discriminatory practice and the limitations which the method may have in delivering a holistic service. It will then consider the benefits of using another method in conjunction with the first in order to compliment this and provide more robust ministrations. The individual chosen from the case study is Michael. He is 15 years old and has recently been arrested along with two friends. This is not his first offence and he has intimated that he feels confused and has no-one to talk to. Additionally his relationship with family members is tentative at the present time and he has been blamed for the arrest by his friends. The method chosen in this instance is Cognitive Behavioural.This approach is concerned with the way we think. It makes the assumption that behaviour is directed by thoughts. Unlike many other concepts, which concentrate more on unconcious drives, feelings or internal conflict. ...read more.

Middle

It has become increasingly evident 10042439 3. that working in partnership with families is important when trying to reduce the risk of re-offending in young people, Cigno and Bourne 1998. The Cognitive Behavioual approach does have limitations. The nature of the work and the theories that undrepin this can come accross as 'jargonistic' and the system for assessing and evaluating results can be over addressed. This could possibly add to the subjects negative feelings as it errs toward the necessity of gathering empirical evidence as opposed to the importance of the client/worker relationship. This technique can also have implications for anti-oppressive practice. The worker to all intents and purposes engineers the behaviour of the client. In an arena such as the youth justice system the client has no control over the process which can be deemed as oppressive. If a worker makes assuptions about the cultural, social or religious influences on the client having implications for negative behaviour, this too can be oppressive. This can lead to questioning who actually wants the change in behaviour? Is it the client? Or is it professionals and wider society who are endeavouring to fit behaviours in to it's system of 'norms'. ...read more.

Conclusion

Reframing and focusing on a preferred future rather than the unsatisfactory present helps the family to shift from the negative to the positive interms of relationships, behaviours and emotions. The interventions are short and would suit a family dynamic. Using Solution Focused Therapy along with Cognitive Behavioural methods would help to improve service delivery for the client because it would give a more robust performance. Michael along with all service users 10042439 5. needs a wide range of interventions available to him in order to give a holistic overview of the support given. Although certain methods give very good results in working with groups of clients. These methods should not be used in isolation as this makes the practice very single-minded. Methods should be used to compliment each other for different individual needs.This is not to say that a worker should use all of the theories at one time with a person, as this could become confusing for both worker and client.However factors such as family, environment, education, health and peer relationships all need to be considered when dealing with people in the caring professions. All people are individuals and deserve the right to be treated as such. To do anything less would be seen as an act of oppressive practice. Social workers need to draw on many different paradigms available to them in order to truly meet clients needs. 2412 ...read more.

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