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Source evaluation on evacuation

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Introduction

1st November ASSIGNMENT: MODEL A2: BRITAIN IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR HISTORY COURSEWORK -SOURCE EVALUATION ON EVACUATION BY JOSHUA HILTON QUESTION 1 To some, evacuation was seen as a happy, adventurous time for children during World War Two, but in fact, children and their parents suffered from being apart and for many, evacuation was a painful and unforgettable experience. The photograph (Source B) shows us a picture of children and some adults on their way to a station in London in September of 1939. We can not be sure how accurate source B is and it is difficult to comment on as it is hard to interpret whether the children are looking forward to leaving the city or afraid of doing so. The children are facing the camera, and waving to it, as though they are not fully aware of the problems they are about to face, it is almost as if they are going on a day trip. At this stage it also appears as if their mothers are still with them. As it is a photograph however, the full extent of the children's feelings and thoughts can not be seen. Source B also does not tell us how the children were evacuated away from the city, for example, by train or boat. ...read more.

Middle

The extract given as source G cannot be taken as a factual account of evacuees as we have no knowledge of what Nina Bowden based her novel on. I.e. is her story based on her own first hand knowledge, is it based on actual interviews or is it taken from other people's research no references being given or listed. Source G does seem to have some reliability as it is similar to other accounts of evacuation, where host parents had a misconstrued view of city children, as being poor and uncivil. However without documented evidence, it cannot be taken as a total reliable account. It falls in line with how we believe country people thought of city children, but in a light hearted sort of way. Another reason why the extract can not be taken as fact is because it was taken from a fictional book, the book will have been written to entertain, and to sell copies, not to educate children about evacuation. Therefore, although Source G has some reliability, the source can not be deemed wholly reliable as evidence about evacuees. QUESTION 3 After looking through many different sources we are asked the question 'was evacuation successful'? Evacuation was a scheme created by the government at the time of the Second World War. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sources like these are inaccurate and limited whereas the primary sources are factual and are related by people we know who actually experienced evacuation. The stark reality of the situation was that many children were miserable and unhappy about leaving home to go live with a stranger and many parents missed their children terribly. The whole thing became so difficult that many children returned home to be with their parents before the bombs had been dropped this resulted in many children sadly dying when the blitz did eventually start. It must, however, be said that evacuation did bring many children out of poverty and into a better standard of living. Also many of the children did enjoy the country lifestyle. This however was not a generalization and more children wished to return to the city than remain in the countryside. Many children said that it was not worth being put through such a terrible ordeal of loneliness and suffering. In conclusion from reading the many sources and knowing the background of the Second World War it can be seen that although in some cases the evacuation was a success, and the children thoroughly enjoyed the country lifestyle, there were thousands more cases where the children hated their lives in the country, and in these cases, the evacuation was definitely not a success. ...read more.

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