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Stress At Work

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Psychology - Week 5 Stress is defined as a physiological or physical response to the change in the environment around us, individuals experience stress day in day out. Stress can be harmful to us this is know as distress. The other form of stress is eustress, this form of stress can be beneficial, as some people react better under pressure and is also known as the 'fight or flight' response. Potential Causes Of Stress At Work Organizational problems Insufficient support Long hours Poor status, Low pay Little promotional prospects Unclear role specifications Frequent clashes with bosses and colleagues Poor communication Stress In The Home Stress caused by a partner Stress caused by children Stress caused by domestic arrangements Stress caused by environmental pressure Ways of Managing Stress Learn relaxing breathing techniques Taking a bath can relax you Learn relaxation techniques such as meditation Change in your diet Express your emotions Have someone to confide in Learn to control aggression Reassess your life and priorities Realise most stress is self inflicted Holmes & Rahe Conclusions Holmes ...read more.


habits 15 Holiday 13 Christmas 12 Minor violations of law 11 Where you are in danger or suffering a life crisis, try to minimise the disturbance to your life. If, for example, you have lost someone close to you, try to avoid changing your job. If you have a high score, or know that you will have a high score in the future, it may be worth pre-empting any problems by adopting stress management strategies now. Why Does Stress Differ In Each Individual Case? Everyone copes in different ways when faced with stressful situations. This can be because we interpret our surroundings differently. What some individuals may find stressful may not be stressful to others, perhaps who have a different culture or surroundings. The way that each individual perceives things determines how we cope under pressure. The less control we have the more stressful the situation becomes. I have studied two experiments the first by Brady, which portrays how monkeys coped with stress. ...read more.


Rat 3 could not avoid or escape shock by pressing the lever. Therefore this rat has no control over the stressor. Rats 2 and 3 both got the same amount of shocks. Weiss' Results Rat 1 showed a small amount of ulceration. Rats that were able to use a coping method to control the shocks showed a stress response. The most important finding is that Rat 3 had no control over shock delivery and had considerably a lot more stomach ulceration than Rat 2 that received exactly the same amount of electric shock but were able to cope with it by pressing the lever. Rats 3 experienced the same amount of physical stressor, being the shock as Rat 2; these findings convey that there was a psychological stress over the rats, and their inability to cope successfully with the situation resulted in their ulceration. When applied to human form, both Brady and Weiss show us that stress is caused by everyday events and the less control we have, the more stressed we become, and also that humans all respond in different ways according to our own individual personality. Craig Southern ...read more.

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