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Stress in the work place

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Introduction

Stress in the work place No work is without stressors, but some jobs seem to produce particular stress and to have clear risks to health. Air-traffic controllers and Marine Navigation Officers, for example, who must make split-second decisions that affect the lives of hundreds of people, have an extremely high turn-over rate and an incidence of gastric ulcers that is well above average. People who must adapt their sleep patterns to the changing hours of a rotating shift suffer stress as a result of the disruption of their circadian (daily) rhythms. Women who must balance the demands of a job with those of child care are twice as likely to suffer from coronary heart disease as housewives with the same number of children. Here are a few workplace stresses, Noise, Length of working day, Inherent danger, Such as relationship with co-workers, Organisation of work, Role responsibility There are many environmental factors in the workplace that increase aggression and stress. ...read more.

Middle

A study investigated whether work stressors such repetitiveness, machine regulated pace of work and high levels of responsibility increase stress-related illness. 14 'Finishers' in a Swedish sawmill, who's work was machine paced, isolated, very repetitive yet highly skilled, and their productivity determined the wages for the rest of the factory, where compared to 10 cleaners who's work was self paced and had more time to socialise with other workers. Urine was tested and measured for levels of stress related hormones on workdays and on rest days. Records were kept of stress related illness (e.g. Headaches) and absences. The high-risk group of finishers secreted more stress related hormones on workdays than on rest days, and higher levels than the control group. The finishers also showed higher levels of stress related illness and absenteeism, than the lower-risk group of cleaners. A combination of work stressors leads to chronic physiological arousal. ...read more.

Conclusion

Brady found the executive monkey developed severe ulcers and eventually died. This study was a direct test of how stress can induce physical illness therefore this is linked to the workplace because the stresses in the workplace I mentioned earlier can cause physical illness. Brady's conclusion seems t contradict other research which shows that control helps to reduce stress. Brady's monkeys were allocated according to how quickly they learned to avoid shock. This makes his conclusion less valid than they'd otherwise be. However there are conflicting studies such as Marmot in 1997. This also supports research by Seligman who suggested that a lack of control would lead to learned helplessness. In the workplace this would mean that people would give up trying for promotion etc. Both environment and control can cause stress in the workplace. Stress can lead to illness, job dissatisfaction. Therefore it is important for employees to try to help their employees deal with stress and try to reduce environmental stresses. Rick Green - Psychology ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

The writer has given a very brief account of workplace stress. It seems clear that s/he understands the subject but unfortunately a great deal of detail is absent. The studies mentioned could be elaborated upon to make it clear that the writer understands fully the implications of the findings. Also there are some vital studies which have not been included in this piece of work.

The conclusion has to weigh up the evidence that is available with regard to workplace stress. Unfortunately, the writer has not done this.

The score reflects the lack of detail in this work so there is the possibility of improving it if the comments made are taken on board.

Score 3*

Marked by teacher Linda Penn 08/10/2013

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