• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Studies have shown that under certain circumstances children can recover from even severe privation' Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis stated that a child who is

Extracts from this document...


'Studies have shown that under certain circumstances children can recover from even severe privation' Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis stated that a child who is deprived of emotional care will suffer permanent consequences in terms of mental health. However Rutter believed that maternal deprivation should be seen as vulnerability factor which raises the likelihood of a child becoming disturbed but not a factor that necessarily implies that maladjustment will follow. Recent research has considered the development of Romanian orphans who were adopted in the UK (Rutter et al). When these children were first adopted they were very much behind their peers in the UK, but by the age of 4 they had caught up. ...read more.


She was found in 1970 when she was 13 1/2 . She had not been fed adequately, could not stand and had no social skills. She was given education and assistant. Her language railed to reach normal adult levels and her social skills remained limited i.e she did not fully recover. This is different however, to Kolvchova who studied identical twins who had spent the first seven years of their lives locked in a cellar. They were barely able to talk. They were adopted at the age of 9 by a pair of loving sisters. By the age of 14 their behaviour was normal and at 20 they were above average intelligence. ...read more.


Also they developed rapidly at a social level and in their use of language. A problem, however with all these studies is that we cannot be certain whether the children were attached to someone during the earlier years. For example in the case of the Koluchova twins, even though they clearly experience privation after being locked in a cupboard, they did not have each other- and they did recover reasonably well. Those individuals, such as Genie, who were truly isolated, did not recover, but we cannot know whether or not they were normal from the beginning. The conclusions is that most of the adverse effects of maternal deprivation or privation can be reversed and that children are more resilient that Bowlby believed, Clarke and Clarke note that early experience is very much related to what happens later on. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Outline and evaluate Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis.

    Some coped very well and it was found that these children had experienced separation before. Mostly staying at friends or relatives. Institutions can provide very high quality care in place of a mother as an attachment figure. An example of this is the Hampstead nursery run be Anna Freud (1942-44), where affection, stability and involvement were encouraged.

  2. Using studies from the list below, answer the questions which follow: Rosenhan (sane in ...

    He held the argument that many of these conflicts will appear in our fantasies and dreams, but the conflicts are so threatening that they appear in disguised forms, in the shape of symbols. It was learnt that the Oedipus complex is an important concept in psychoanalysis and Freud held the

  1. Outline research (theories and/or studies) into privation and consider how the research helps us ...

    There are also possible issues of sample bias concerning this study as perhaps the adopted children were ''easier'' as parents are likely to select children that are easier to get on with. However, this doesn't explain the difficulties adopted children had making relationships with peers.

  2. Psychology Cae Studies

    They began to see themselves as guards only and begun acting accordingly. Most naturally this meant that the guards internalised the prison. By Internalisation we mean that they accepted the prison as being real, and conformed to its expectations, routines and guidelines.

  1. Physical, Social and Emotional Development of Children.

    Babies and children need more than physical care; they need love, cuddling, and snuggling. Caregivers who read and react appropriately to their baby's signals for social attention are more likely to foster strong attachment bonds. Social relationships in infancy also influence the growth of self-awareness and self-understanding.

  2. critically discuss whether children can recover from intutionalisation of privation

    This shows that they were able to overcome the effects of privation, and that the initial sensitive period which Bowlby first introduced were false as they were able to develop into a mentally stable boys even though they formed an attachment much later on in life.

  1. 'To what extent do research studies support the view that maternal deprivation can have ...

    Clarke-Stewart et al. (1994) investigated the relationship between time spent in day care and quality of attachment in over 500 children. They found that 15 month-old children who experienced 'high-intensity' childcare were equally distressed when separated from their mothers in the Strange Situation as 'low-intensity' children.

  2. The Severe Consequences

    On the contrary, the children involved in each divorce and separation are impacted to the same, if not greater, extent. In the Painter family, when Nelson Painter informs his three children about him leaving and going "upstate" back up to Holderness where he has got "an apartment" and where he

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work