• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Studies have shown that under certain circumstances children can recover from even severe privation' Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis stated that a child who is

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'Studies have shown that under certain circumstances children can recover from even severe privation' Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis stated that a child who is deprived of emotional care will suffer permanent consequences in terms of mental health. However Rutter believed that maternal deprivation should be seen as vulnerability factor which raises the likelihood of a child becoming disturbed but not a factor that necessarily implies that maladjustment will follow. Recent research has considered the development of Romanian orphans who were adopted in the UK (Rutter et al). When these children were first adopted they were very much behind their peers in the UK, but by the age of 4 they had caught up. ...read more.

Middle

She was found in 1970 when she was 13 1/2 . She had not been fed adequately, could not stand and had no social skills. She was given education and assistant. Her language railed to reach normal adult levels and her social skills remained limited i.e she did not fully recover. This is different however, to Kolvchova who studied identical twins who had spent the first seven years of their lives locked in a cellar. They were barely able to talk. They were adopted at the age of 9 by a pair of loving sisters. By the age of 14 their behaviour was normal and at 20 they were above average intelligence. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also they developed rapidly at a social level and in their use of language. A problem, however with all these studies is that we cannot be certain whether the children were attached to someone during the earlier years. For example in the case of the Koluchova twins, even though they clearly experience privation after being locked in a cupboard, they did not have each other- and they did recover reasonably well. Those individuals, such as Genie, who were truly isolated, did not recover, but we cannot know whether or not they were normal from the beginning. The conclusions is that most of the adverse effects of maternal deprivation or privation can be reversed and that children are more resilient that Bowlby believed, Clarke and Clarke note that early experience is very much related to what happens later on. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Outline and evaluate Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis.

    There are wide variations between gender groups all around the world; however, boys are generally more distressed and vulnerable than girls. It is true for both genders though, that any existing problem that have occurred before separation become stronger or more apparent afterwards.

  2. Psychology Cae Studies

    Did the guards truly internalise the prison? Lets look at the evidence of this-The guards attempted to hide the prisons in the broom cupboard because they felt the experimenters were being too soft-[This is evidence of internalisation because it shows that the guards had removed themselves from the confines/boundaries of

  1. critically discuss whether children can recover from intutionalisation of privation

    This shows that they were able to overcome the effects of privation, and that the initial sensitive period which Bowlby first introduced were false as they were able to develop into a mentally stable boys even though they formed an attachment much later on in life.

  2. Using studies from the list below, answer the questions which follow: Rosenhan (sane in ...

    He described the main problem as follows: 'He is afraid a horse will bite him in the street, and this fear seems somehow connected with his having been frightened by a large penis'. The father went on to provide Freud with extensive details of conversations with Hans.

  1. The Severe Consequences

    On the contrary, the children involved in each divorce and separation are impacted to the same, if not greater, extent. In the Painter family, when Nelson Painter informs his three children about him leaving and going "upstate" back up to Holderness where he has got "an apartment" and where he

  2. Outline research (theories and/or studies) into privation and consider how the research helps us ...

    The problem is that the types of participants likely to drop out are those that are troubled. Although this shouldn't have affected this study in particular as both the adopted and restored children should have been affected equally reducing the chances of the findings being biased.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work