• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The aim of this assignment is to look at children within reception how different forms of observations and assessment assist practitioners to plan appropriately for the individual child.

Extracts from this document...


The aim of this assignment is to look at children within reception how different forms of observations and assessment assist practitioners to plan appropriately for the individual child. How we as practitioners monitor children's progress and compare their progress with the expected range for the age group. To be able to plan effectively to lead them forward onto the next stage. Also how statutory standardised tests for children of reception age and if there are any advantages and disadvantages of these tests. Furthermore analysing the legislative process leading to the most recent developments, how assessments are linked with the foundation stage and how the curriculum should be adapted to meet the needs of all children. Finally, how the theorists and pioneers have influenced practitioner's observations and what is the importance of assessment within an early years context. Before the introduction of foundation stage profile, the statutory assessment for reception was called baseline assessment. It was carried out in the first half of the school term, designed to show levels of attainment on entry to reception, furthermore there were many different baseline schemes at one stage there were over 90 registered. Due to practitioners assessing at different times the results became very different across the country, also they were not linked into the stepping-stones and the early learning goals. ...read more.


The emphasis is not so much on when to teach, but rather how and what to teach (Fisher, 2002). Furthermore, if children already know and can do a range of things, it puts the practitioner in the role of learner alongside their class. In addition, the practitioner must find out the extent of children's competences to ensure that the planned curriculum is appropriate to this particular class and its individual members (Fisher, 2002). In support of this, The Children Act 1989 was a major piece of legislation, not only brought together existing pieces of legislation but also formulated them into a cohesive whole. The Act ensured that the welfare of the child was paramount and allowed children's opinions to be taken into account (Curtis, O'Hagan, 2004). However, Piaget (1896-1980) believed that children pass through certain stages of development and could not operate at the later stages before passing, in their own good time, through the earlier ones (in Fisher, 2002) (Appendix 2). Furthermore, children learn only when their curiosity is not fully satisfied. Piaget (1896-1980) also goes on to say that children's curiosity actually drives their learning, parents and practitioners should always remember that individual children have their own rates of development (Mooney, 2000). It is suggested that through careful observations, practitioners can plan the curriculum and decide how best they can extend the children's learning. ...read more.


This could also be recorded as a written observation but normally the results are shown in a diagram. The best time to record the activities of a child in the free play time. Pie and bar charts They are a useful pictorial way of recording the results of an observation of the whole class. These methods have many uses for collecting information about the children also what play equipment they prefer to use. Information obtain from Sharman et el 1998 Appendix 2 * Children's understanding of 'reality' is constructed through interacting with the world around them and learning through discovery * Piaget believed children develop mental structures or schemas. Children assimilate new information, they use their present simple schemas to accommodate or adapt to new experiences by developing more complex schemas and so achieve equilibration * A baby develops a schema that a rattle when shaken makes a noise, the baby has to assimilate new schemas to accommodate that when the rattle is slowly shaken by the baby, much experimenting by the baby enables the new information to be accommodated. This achieves equilibration. This happens throughout the four distinct stages of cognitive development: 1. Sensory-motor 0-2 - a practical period of learning when children are egocentric 2. pre-operational 2-6- thinking is pre-logical and characterised by :symbolisation, 3. Concrete operational 6-11- thinking becomes more rationale Formal operational 11 on -more abstract thinking ?? ?? ?? ?? Debbie Jones Planning Observing and Assessing EY2001 In the Early Years Student No 0372873 - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. counselling stages of attachement

    o A decrease in the distance from the nearest child o An increase in the distance from the teacher o An increase in rough and tumble play o An increase in aggression o An increase in frequency of peer interaction.


    Learning Outcome 6.5. Fig.1 Concrete Experience; is gained through becoming involved openly in new experiences. Active Experimentation; involves Reflection; involves thinking using theories to make decisions and about and observing experiences solve problems in new situations. from many different perspectives.

  1. Plan, implement and evaluate at least three activities for children in the foundation stage. ...

    They communicate with one another whilst engaged in their activity and so the communication, language and literacy area will be covered. As the children become familiar with the equipment, their self-confidence and self-esteem will be nurtured, therefore covering the personal, social and emotional development area.

  2. This curriculum plan is to be based on children aged between nought to two ...

    I will also be asking CT's key worker to see if there is anything else I need to take into consideration in this or a similar area. All children's needs to have particular activities and experiences that will promote encourage and stimulate their all-round development.

  1. In Britain today, most people live in nuclear families - The aim of this ...

    The graph shows rates in thousands. But there has not been a substantial increase or decrease it has happened steadily over time. This could be due to changes in laws and people' perceptions. In 1969 the liberalisation of divorce laws made it easier to file for a divorce on a

  2. For this assignment I have decided to look at the disorder known as ADHD ...

    the most frequently prescribed. Stimulants help control behavioural symptoms in 75%-90% of those with ADHD. Methylphenidate and dexamphetamine are short acting and dosage is based on behavioural and attentional response. Neither of these medications is physiologically addicting, and there is no evidence that this treatment leads to drug dependence or addiction (Ingersoll and Goldstein 1993).

  1. write a holistic and analytical account concerning one aspect of care in a chosen ...

    upsetting and has an impact on the person's or other people's quality of life," such as the behaviours identified by Henry's carers. Before using further assessment tools it was suggested by the community nurse that Henry received a health check to eliminate any possible contributions to his behaviour.

  2. Is Homework Beneficial to Children in Any way?

    Whilst working in this collaborative way, the government propose that quality-bonding time is taking place. Through communicating and co-operation, working out a set homework problem as a family allows for parents to spend significant quality time with their children. By working collaboratively as a family it creates and provides a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work