• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The aim of this experiment is to find out if people will conform without face-to-face contact. Crutchfield's study of conformity (1955) was a faceless conformity experiment.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ABSTRACT. The aim of this experiment is to find out if people will conform without face-to-face contact. Crutchfield's study of conformity (1955) was a faceless conformity experiment. This involved the false answers of confederates being placed into view of participants in order to see if they conformed. They were asked to answer general knowledge questions. This experiment is based on that study. The operational hypothesis for this investigation is 'Participants will be influenced by a fictitious list on a faceless conformity task' meaning that my null hypothesis will be 'Participants will not be influenced by a fictitious list on a faceless conformity task'. The research method that was used was a field experiment and the design was an independent groups design. An independent groups design was chosen because otherwise the participants would know what was going on and would therefore void the results. An opportunity sampling method was chosen in this experiment because of the abundance of available participants. The age range was 16-19 year old students, 10 male and 10 female. The results showed that participants did conform, the mean of the experimental results (173) being closer to the fictitious results (217) than the control (79). The null hypothesis in this experiment was rejected; meaning my experimental hypothesis was accepted. In conclusion, this experiment suggests that certain situations will result in the conformity of people to avoid being the 'odd one out' and labelled as a social outcast. The fear of rejection by peers helps to assure that conformity will be guaranteed. INTRODUCTION. This experiment will be to study the concept of conformity, and faceless conformity. ...read more.

Middle

The main extraneous variables were participant and situational variables. For instance, if the participants were of a big age gap, the results would not be accurate because of the many differences such as maturity and willingness to conform. Also, if the area changed where the participants were asked, different people would feel different each time e.g. more or less relaxed around familiar surroundings. One way that this was overcome, was firstly to choose participants from the same age range, that being 16-19 year olds, and to conduct the research in the same place throughout which was in the refectory at a college. Participants Opportunity sampling was chosen for this experiment because of the large amount of people to be able to select from, therefore being able to choose. Also, it is quite a quick way to select participants for an experiment. The participants that were used, were people from a college (students of age 16-19). 10 males and 10 females, (20 total) were used. The first five male and female participants were put into the control group and other participants after them were put into the experimental group. Apparatus and Material The first and foremost piece of apparatus that was needed for this experiment was to be the container of pasta and the actual dried pasta. All that was done to prepare and create this was simply count out 130 dried pieces of pasta and put them into the container. Also created, were standardised instructions and a consent form (Appendix 1+2) along with a guess sheet for the experimental group and a debriefing for both. (Appendix 3+4). ...read more.

Conclusion

Another factor that could have been a problem with this study is that there are many other people doing psychological experiments in the college. This causes problems because word gets around the college quite quickly and possible participants are then aware of experiments taking place. This could have an adverse effect on the results, as they understand what is expected of them. To try and counter this for future experiments, before the start of the experiment it would be helpful to firstly ask the participant if they were on the psychology course and then secondly if they had done any experiment so far or knew of any. If possible for further investigation, it would be interesting to study conformity on a larger scale with different surroundings to see the effects on people. For example, people's conformity to laugh at something 'supposedly' funny on the screen at the cinema. Thing such as the audience and venue could be changed for different results. The results from this experiment help us to understand people's emotions and the effect that peer pressure has on people. Also our ability to go with the group, even though it may be against our own wishes and beliefs. In conclusion, this experiment suggests that certain situations will results in the conformity of people to avoid being labelled 'the odd one out'. The fear of social rejection by peers helps to assure that conformity will be guaranteed. Also, the matter of peer pressure is a large one where's someone's views can go unnoticed in order to achieve a groups aim or belief. Further research can be carried out to find out if certain types of people conform or not, or if it is just a wide norm undergone by everyone. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Psychology Coursework - Conformity

    4 star(s)

    However, the questions cannot be too hard or too easy. 2. Type up questionnaire so that it is presentable and readable for the participant's 3. Print off 23 questionnaires 4. ON three of the questionnaires circle 10 wrong answers to 10 questions and on the other 5 questions circle the right answers.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    A Study to Show the Effect of Conformity on Estimating the Number of Sweets ...

    This is when an individual looks to others to make decisions about how to behave. Someone may yield to group pressure because others are thought to possess more knowledge. Sometimes this conformity may be to experts, to the influence or image of an idol or in the cases of the

  1. The matching hypothesis

    received 20 points (highest possible score) for the matching hypothesis. Also couple 5 with 200 points (second highest score) received 10 marks for the matching hypothesis (second lowest). Relationship to background research The results gained in this investigation support Murstein's 1972 research where comparison of actual couples and random couples were judged on attractiveness.

  2. The aim of this study will be to see if gender effects the rate ...

    Also if the participants were uninterested then they may gave 'false' guesses, this could be combated by making the object colourful and interesting, thus making the participants more interested. Select an appropiate level of statistical significance to be reached before the experiment / alternative hypothesis will be retained.

  1. The Matching Hypothesis

    Also of the white people in the pictures the most attractive people may still be rated higher than others. Researcher bias: If the questions were asked in person then as a researcher I could influence the rating or score given by the participants.

  2. Psychology Questions Ansewered

    the other two studies, using the points we mentioned for how the case study was conducted. Suggest one alternative way your study could have been investigated and say how you think this might affect the results For Freud's studies he could have been compared in comparison to other persons with phobia.

  1. Conformity discussion.

    The fact that what affected conformity was undistinguishable threatens the reliability of the investigation. If the study were to be replicated this problem could be overcome by selecting another set of participants who have no degrees and contrasting their results with those who do.

  2. Examine Sherif's Conformity (Social Influence) Experiment

    74% of naïve participants conformed at least once. When interviewing the conforming participants after the experiment, the majority had agreed that they did not believe in their conforming answers, but they had chosen it due to fear of being ridiculed by the group. So they complied due in relation to normative social influence (NSI).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work