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The aim of this study will be to see if gender effects the rate of conformity.

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Introduction

Psychology Coursework-Coursework Project Brief Identify the aim of the research and state the experimental / alternative and null hypothesis. The aim of this study will be to see if gender effects the rate of conformity, because Jenness's 1932 study didn't take gender in to account and he only used male participants, assuming that female rates or conformity were the same as male ones. This study will replicate Jenness's 1932 study. The experimental hypothesis for this study will be that there will be a difference between participants according to thier gender. This should be evaluated by a one tailed test, using a nominal level of significance. The null hypothesis will be that gender will not effect the rate of conformity.This should be evaluated by a two tailed test, using a nominal level of significance. Explain why a directional or a non directional experimental / alternative hypothesis has been chosen. A non directional hypothesis has ben selected because it has been predicted that there will be a difference or correlation between the two variables, but the direction of the difference has not been stated. Identify the chosen research method and the research design chosen. An independant groups design will be used, along with experimental method. The advantages are that it can be replicated and the variables can be controlled, and that different poeple will be asked. The disadvantages are that it is artificial, and so people may not tell the truth. ...read more.

Middle

When they were asked in groups, thier answers became the same, althoughthey were not told to work in groups together, which created a norm, that is necesary in ambigous situations. The fact that the group norm rapidly replaced that of the personal norm, shows the existance of social influence. Asch Participants were asked to judge thelength of the line in comparison with a test card, which was shown to them. the first five people were confederates of the experimenter answered the questions wrong in order to see if the sixth person would conform, and give an obvious wrong answer, because those previous had done so. The findings were that thirty-two percent conformed on a regular basis, seventy five conformed at least once, twenty-five did not conform at all, and five percent conformed all the time. Jenness Jenness asked individual students to estimate the number of beans in a jam jar, and then arranged them to discuss thier guesses. Later when asked to give thier answers again, he found that thier answers were alot closer to that of the rest of the groups. All of the above studies used only male participants, so the results can't be generalised. My study will not only include females but will compare males to females to see if it is acceptable to generalise male results to the whole population. The findings of all the above research will relate to my study as it gives me an insight into conformity, and I can try to avoid problems by studing them first. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was also confirmedwhen these values were plotted on a graph, which again showed no relation of difference between males and females. This experiment was very similar to that of Jenness. Like Jenness's participants, those who took part in this experiment were not asked in groups but individually, and confidentiality was maintained at all times. However this investigation set out to find the difference in conformity rates according to gender, whereas Jenness was not, as he only experimented with male participants. Jenness generalised which was wrong, however my research shows that he was justified in doing so. Both experiments were carried out in the same way. There may also be complications and limitations as the participants I tested, were people from Birmingham and therefore would not have any way seeing if there was a national differences or regional differences a in conformity between the sexes. Also because I only studied people in a small community, no major generalisations could be made using this data. Follow Up studies could include a study into different nationalities to see how conformity changes in diferent societies e.g collecrtivist and individualists, and also the naivity people, and it's change as we move along the globe. CONCLUSIONS From the results it is clear to see that gender does not effect the rate of conformity (null hypothesis), as thier wasn't a big difference between male and female answers. This can clearly be seen on the above graphs and the tables. ...read more.

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