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The Beveridge Report (1942).

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Rebecca Leach The Beveridge Report (1942) The Beveridge Report started in the introduction of the Welfare State. The main reforms included: * The National Health Service Act 1946 - provided free and universal health care. * The Family Allowances Act 1945 - provided universal benefits for families with two or more children. * The National Insurance Act 1946 - provided unemployment and sickness benefits. * The Children Act 1946 - gave local authorities to set up social work for children. * The Education Act 1944 - provided free secondary education for all children. The problem with these reforms was that a number of assumptions were made about the family when they were being formed. It was thought that all families would be headed by a married couple and could therefore be treated as a unit. ...read more.


Eventually mothers on behalf of their children could collect child allowances from Post Offices. From the late 1940's to the late 1970's the State Welfare policies and benefits were aimed at the image of the nuclear family. By the 1980's the rise in single-parent families, teenage pregnancies and the rise in divorce rates meant that their image of the family was wrong. The New Right government wanted to crack down on those abusing the Welfare State and wanted families to start looking after themselves. A series of reforms were passed in the Social Security Act (1986), these were aimed at reconstructing self-sufficient families. State funds were only for the poorest and families able to support themselves had to do so. The NHS and Community Care Act 1991 closed long stay care institutions and provided support at home for the ill and disabled. ...read more.


It ensures that no working family with two or more children earn less that �235 per week. Those earning less will be eligible for a tax allowance in their pay packet. The development of the CSA reflected the number of changes in the family. There was an acceptance by the Conservative Government that lone parent families are a normal type of family. The Conservative Government also reinforced family obligation on the male and insisted they pay maintenance. The Working Family Tax Credit seems to benefit all or the family and can be paid in to the highest earners pay packet or can be paid directly to mothers through the Post Office. The abolition of the married couple's tax allowance proves that co-habitation is becoming as accepted as marriage. Those who co-habit are now being treated exactly the same as those who marry by the tax and welfare system. The married couples tax allowance has been replaced by a Child Tax Credit, which gives an allowance for having children not being married. ...read more.

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