• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Biological Approach

Extracts from this document...


The Biological Approach One of the most confusing issues in psychology is that of understanding the relationship between the mind and the brain. Biological psychology is the scientific study of the biological bases of behavior and mental states. Because all behavior is controlled by the central nervous system, it is sensible to study how the brain functions in order to understand behavior. The biological approach looks at psychology from a psychological perspective, that is, it considers physical changes in the body. It investigates how chemical and electrical events that occur within us affect our thinking, emotions and behaviour. The main assumptions are of the approach are based on biology and include the following ideas: the structure and function of neurones and the structure and function of the brain. Psychologists understand these ideas, and therefore can use this understanding to develop therapies to help people to overcome mental health problems. The two most commonly known therapies are the psychosurgery which operates on the brain to control mental disorders and the other - chemotherapy, which uses drugs to control mental disorders. ...read more.


A surface view of the brain shows it is divided into 'lobes'. 1.The frontal lobe, found in the area around your forehead is concerned with emotions, reasoning, planning, movement, and parts of speech. It is also involved in purposeful acts such as creativity, judgment, problem solving, and planning. 2. The Parietal are found behind the frontal lobes, above the temporal lobes, and at the top back of the brain. They are connected with the processing of nerve impulses related to the senses, such as touch, pain, taste, pressure, and temperature. They also have language functions. 3. The temporal lobes are found on either side of the brain and just above the ears. They are responsible for hearing, memory, meaning, and language. They also play a role in emotion and learning. The temporal lobes are concerned with interpreting and processing auditory stimuli. 4. The occipital lobe is found in the back of the brain. It is involved with the brain's ability to recognize objects and responsible for our vision. ...read more.


If the stress is not severe or long-lasting, we bounce back and recover rapidly. Stage 2: Resistance: Eventually, sometimes rather quickly, we adapt to stress, and there's actually a tendency to become more resistant to illness and disease. Our immune system works overtime for us during this period, trying to keep up with the demands placed upon it. We become complacent about our situation and assume that we can resist the effects of stress indefinitely. In that lays the danger. Believing that we are immune from the effects of stress, we typically fail to do anything about it. Stage 3: Exhaustion: Because our body is not able to maintain homeostasis and the long-term resistance needed to combat stress, we invariably develop a sudden drop in our resistance level. No one experiences exactly the same resistance and tolerance to stress, but everyone's immunity at some point collapses following prolonged stress reactions. Life sustaining mechanisms slow down and sputter, organ systems begin to break down, and stress-fighting reserves finally succumb to what Selye called "diseases of adaptation." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays


    The high rate of suicidal ideation in borderline personality disorder correlates with high rates of suicidal behaviour (Morey, 1993) with approximately 6% succeeding in their attempts (Perry, 1993, M.H Stone, 1989, both cited in Barlow & Durand, 2002) The concept of spectrum personality disorder suggests that personality disorders are an

  2. Using studies from the list below, answer the questions which follow: Rosenhan (sane in ...

    In addition, personal hygiene was monitored and many of the toilets did not contain doors. Some of the ward orderlies would be brutal to patients in full view of other patients but would stop as soon as another staff member approached.

  1. Psychology - Stress

    The endocrine glands, kidneys and other internal organs are damaged and this results in what Selye calls diseases of adaption, which can be ulcers, asthma and coronary heart disease. ...... There is evidence, although not conclusive, to show that stress is linked to cancer.

  2. Task1 Counselling 1aPhysical signs and symptoms of stress

    The counsellor will also prod Mrs A to become aware of her feelings and impulses that she has disowned and to discard feelings, ideas and values that are not really her own. The counsellor will also do a lot of dialogues and pay attention to Mrs A's body language, drawing

  1. criminal behavior

    8 months later 40% of the children were put back in the same room as the Bobo doll was in, as they were still violent to the doll. The Bobo doll is also not a living person so the children may react more violently as they know they are not inflicting any pain.

  2. Levels Of Processing

    recall suggesting that the act of organising makes it memorable without conscious effort or rehearsal as deeper processing is automatically taking place when the meaning is thought about to categorise. So again this shows that deeper processing increases recall. Palmere et al (1983)

  1. Contribution and cultural conditions that gave rise to the biological perspective.

    It is manipulation of Independent variable (IV) to determine the effect it has on Dependent variable (DV).We change IV to observe what effect it has on DV. In psychology when we form an experiment we consider two things. Independent and dependent variable.. Independent variable is the variable that you as an experimenter want to change.

  2. Job stress

    Researches done on the effects of hormones has found out that changes in hormones level accounted for approximately 1% change in moods level(Gunn & Warren .1987).Environmental explanations for stress amongst women are based on the assumptions that women's experience more stressor in their lives.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work