• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Biological Approach

Extracts from this document...


The Biological Approach One of the most confusing issues in psychology is that of understanding the relationship between the mind and the brain. Biological psychology is the scientific study of the biological bases of behavior and mental states. Because all behavior is controlled by the central nervous system, it is sensible to study how the brain functions in order to understand behavior. The biological approach looks at psychology from a psychological perspective, that is, it considers physical changes in the body. It investigates how chemical and electrical events that occur within us affect our thinking, emotions and behaviour. The main assumptions are of the approach are based on biology and include the following ideas: the structure and function of neurones and the structure and function of the brain. Psychologists understand these ideas, and therefore can use this understanding to develop therapies to help people to overcome mental health problems. The two most commonly known therapies are the psychosurgery which operates on the brain to control mental disorders and the other - chemotherapy, which uses drugs to control mental disorders. ...read more.


A surface view of the brain shows it is divided into 'lobes'. 1.The frontal lobe, found in the area around your forehead is concerned with emotions, reasoning, planning, movement, and parts of speech. It is also involved in purposeful acts such as creativity, judgment, problem solving, and planning. 2. The Parietal are found behind the frontal lobes, above the temporal lobes, and at the top back of the brain. They are connected with the processing of nerve impulses related to the senses, such as touch, pain, taste, pressure, and temperature. They also have language functions. 3. The temporal lobes are found on either side of the brain and just above the ears. They are responsible for hearing, memory, meaning, and language. They also play a role in emotion and learning. The temporal lobes are concerned with interpreting and processing auditory stimuli. 4. The occipital lobe is found in the back of the brain. It is involved with the brain's ability to recognize objects and responsible for our vision. ...read more.


If the stress is not severe or long-lasting, we bounce back and recover rapidly. Stage 2: Resistance: Eventually, sometimes rather quickly, we adapt to stress, and there's actually a tendency to become more resistant to illness and disease. Our immune system works overtime for us during this period, trying to keep up with the demands placed upon it. We become complacent about our situation and assume that we can resist the effects of stress indefinitely. In that lays the danger. Believing that we are immune from the effects of stress, we typically fail to do anything about it. Stage 3: Exhaustion: Because our body is not able to maintain homeostasis and the long-term resistance needed to combat stress, we invariably develop a sudden drop in our resistance level. No one experiences exactly the same resistance and tolerance to stress, but everyone's immunity at some point collapses following prolonged stress reactions. Life sustaining mechanisms slow down and sputter, organ systems begin to break down, and stress-fighting reserves finally succumb to what Selye called "diseases of adaptation." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Psychology - Stress

    Lazarus and Folkman have come with their own two coping methods for stress similar to what we have looked at so far. The two methods are known as problem-focused and emotion-focused coping. Problem focused coping looks at the source of the stress (like Meichenbaum and Kobasa), for example, in the

  2. Levels Of Processing

    There were 60 sentences altogether. Afterwards the participants were shown 180 words and asked to identify any of the original words. Participants remembered most words from condition three (the meaning of the word questions) and the least from condition one (the appearance of the word questions).

  1. Using studies from the list below, answer the questions which follow: Rosenhan (sane in ...

    Furthermore, it was learnt that Eve White was not psychotic since she showed no other symptoms of psychosis. Hence, this would imply that Eve was not schizophrenic since schizophrenia is a type of psychosis where contact with reality and insight are impaired.

  2. Task1 Counselling 1aPhysical signs and symptoms of stress

    Congruence refers to the therapists openness and genuiness, the willingness to relate to Mrs A without hiding behind a professional fa´┐Żade. Unconditional positive regard means the therapist accepts Mrs A totally for who she is without evaluating or censoring and without interrupting, judging or giving advice.


    Mood changes, unstable relationships, self-identity problems and the other characteristics associated with borderline personality disorder may display to some extent in many people. This makes diagnosis difficult Although no single feature defines borderline personality disorder, its essence is the fickleness of behaviours and the mood labiality (Sue, Sue & Sue, 2000).

  2. criminal behavior

    have been the same age, Their backgrounds were not taken into account which makes the test unfair as some of the children may be from rough areas where fighting is common and some may be from none violent areas where violence haven't been used or seen so therefore they will behave differently.

  1. Job stress

    Researches done on the effects of hormones has found out that changes in hormones level accounted for approximately 1% change in moods level(Gunn & Warren .1987).Environmental explanations for stress amongst women are based on the assumptions that women's experience more stressor in their lives.

  2. Contribution and cultural conditions that gave rise to the biological perspective.

    Therefore we can't do the experiment( no replication). It lacks of ecological validity- the environment around them could influence the results). And lastly if we believe in assumptios of biological psychology, then the cognitive labelling must have a biological basis. In this case we meet here with independent and dependent variable. It is manipulation of Independent variable (IV)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work