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The case for versus the case against.

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The Case For versus The Case Against Baumrind criticised Milgram for showing insufficient respect for his pps, inadequate steps taken to protect pps, possibly leading to long-term harm. Lack of informed consent, deception by disguising the true nature of the experiment and possible psychological harm. In his defence Milgram claims it would not have been possible to get results, which reflected behaviour in real situations without deception. Zimbardo was similarly criticised for deceiving pps. Critics believe it is really not necessary in research and particularly unethical. They proposed other more ethically acceptable methods, such as asking pps to imagine how they would behave in certain situations, could be used. ...read more.


Milgram's questionnaire distributed to pps after the experiment concluded that 84% of pps were glad to be involved and 74% had learned something. 1 year later there was no evidence of emotional harm and time was also taken for debriefing afterwards. Furthermore pps may have felt stupid and used when they learned the true nature of the experiment and how they had been deceived. Leading to the likelihood that they would not trust psychologists or people in authority in the future. Milgram replied that he thought it would be 'of the highest value if participation in the experiment could inculcate a scepticism of this (inhumane) ...read more.


David Mandel 1998 believed Milgram's finding had led to an oversimplified explanation of the atrocities committed during the Holocaust. It ignored important factors that motivated the perpetrators such as chances of professional advancement and the opportunity of lucrative personal gains. Aronson 99 suggested that psychologists face a particularly difficult dilemma as to whether the potential benefits of the research outweigh the costs to the individual pps. A positive outcome of both Milgram and Zimbardo's experiments is the increased awareness of how pps should be treated. Zimbardo did acknowledge he should not have acted as 'prison superintendent' and principal researcher - as he became trapped in his superintendent role. Instead of banning research of this type, what is needed is better research. This increased awareness has led psychologists to draft guidelines to be used for research. ...read more.

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