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The case study used for this assessment considers a small group of children with autism who attend a local primary school nursery. The assessment will identify the discrimination suffered by the group and look at all four types of discrimination

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Introduction

Case Study The case study used for this assessment considers a small group of children with autism who attend a local primary school nursery. The assessment will identify the discrimination suffered by the group and look at all four types of discrimination. This assessment will also outline the formal and informal measures that are available to the support workers and parents of the children being discriminated against. After identifying what measures are available to this group this essay will show how and to what degree these measures can be used to challenge the discrimination being experienced by the group. All the four types of discrimination are interrelated they are direct, indirect, unconscious and institutional discrimination and they can each be identified in the case study used for this assessment. The children with autism have been excluded from the school Christmas concert this is an example of direct discrimination because it is intentional and the children are being treated less favourably than the others. The children are being denied the opportunity to participate with their peers due to their need for additional support although their parents and support staff were not consulted before this decision was made so therefore this decision was prejudiced. (Miller, J. 1996) Some of the parents have noticed that their children are being left behind with their support worker when the other children go on outings and visits this is an example of indirect discrimination. ...read more.

Middle

In Scotland the parents of children between the ages of 3 and 5 have the right to a nursery place provided by the local authorities if they wish therefore they were obligated to give these children places in the nursery. The school where the nursery is will have a written Charter which is a formal document that sets out specific rights this would be used to make sure the parents know what their children's rights are. The school should also have it's own equal opportunities policy which will be based on their legal responsibilities and how that they should be implemented. Since the children cannot speak for themselves then before being implemented the schools policy should be shown to the parents and staff working with the children that it affects so that any policy that they consider to be discriminative can be challenged. If taking their case to court was the best option the parents could seek advice from the Disability Rights Commission who would offer them support and guidance in taking their case forward. Then the parents could take their case or appeal to the Special Educational Needs Tribunal where they will consider their appeal against local authority decisions about their child's Special Educational Needs. Taking legal action in court for the parents of the autistic children would be the last option and would only be used if all other measures to stop discrimination had failed. ...read more.

Conclusion

The parents can use the informal measures very effectively to try and end discrimination against their children. By arranging meetings with the school and teacher, the parents can express their concerns over how their children are being treated and argue that they should be given the same learning opportunities as their peers and that they should be treated as individuals because every child is different. In Conclusion, the autistic children who attend the nursery are being discriminated against for having autism and they are not being treated as individuals but as a group. They are being excluded from everyday activities and outings and their parents have also been told that if their child's support worker is absent then their child will be expected to be absent as well. The formal measures would not be a suitable first option in this situation for the parents because they would need to try the informal measures first by speaking to those who are discriminating against their children. Although having knowledge of legislation, policies and charters will aid them in ending the discrimination faced by their children. The informal measures are about good practice, by speaking to the nursery teacher about their concerns of restricting their child's learning opportunities the parents will hopefully be able to come to an agreement and in the future the school and teachers will work in partnership with the parents. ...read more.

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