The Education of Children With Special Education Needs
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The Education of Children With Special Education Needs In the UK and most other countries the law states that all children should be educated to a certain degree. However, until recently those children with special education needs have been educated outside the realms of 'mainstream' education. This is changing quite rapidly and it is now becoming more important both here and in the United States that children of all capabilities should be integrated into mainstream schooling. ADHD is one of the most common childhood learning disorders with almost 5% of the population suffering from it .because of the increasing numbers of children in our schools being identified with ADHD it is important that educators should understand the special learning needs of these children so that they can create safe and appropriate learning environments for such children. ADHD is a huge and complex subject therefore for the purpose of this essay I shall briefly outline five main points, these are 1.What ADHD is and how teachers and educators can recognize it 2.How it feels to suffer from ADHD 3.Drugs and medications that can be used to treat ADHD 4.ADHD and school discipline 5.Suggested classroom accommodations and teaching tips What is ADHD and how can it be recognized? The correct diagnostic label for ADHD is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder otherwise termed as ADD, Attention Deficit Disorder. Both disorders are the same other than one includes hyperactivity while the other does not.
many years to treat the symptoms of ADHD.For many people, these medications can radically reduce their hyperactivity and improve their ability to focus, work and learn. ( Some Basic facts About ADD Medications, April 2001) It is important to remember however that these medications do not cure the disorder but they can temporarily control the symptoms. Unfortunately ther is no such thing as a quick cure however, many experts believe that the most significant gains appear when medication is combined with medication, behavioural therapy and practical support. (Basic Meds, April 2001) If Stimulant drugs such as the ones mentioned above are used correctly and under medical supervision, they are considered quite safe, however they can become addictive in teenagers and adults if they are misused. These medications can and often are used in slightly different ways for different children. Ritalin and Dexedrine come in short term tablet that last about three hours, as well as longer preparations that can last the full duration of the school day. The short term dose can be more practical for those that only need the drug during the school day while the sustained release dosage can free the child from the embarrassment of going to the teacher or school nurse to get their tablets. (Basic Meds, April 2001) Nine out of ten children do improve significantly when taking one of these stimulant drugs, therefore if one does not work it is always advisable to try another.
3.If the child has poor handwriting allow for a scribe and grade for content, not handwriting. Allow for computer or typewriter. 4.If the child has difficulty remaining seated then give them the opportunity to frequently move around and make sure that there is ample room for movement at all times. 5.If the child has a problem with excessive talking, then make sure that the student is called when it is appropriate and always reinforce positive listening (Classroom interventions for children with ADHD,1999) These are only five of the suggested classroom accommodations that can be used (there are thirty four altogether) for children with learning disabilities. All of the above seem to be more than compatible with the running of a 'mainstream' school, infact it seems that these accommodations should be exercised with all students as matter of course, after all nobody likes to sit in a cramped area and everyone deserves to be listened to (at the appropriate times) There is no question that ADHD is 'out there', in our schools and among all of our children and if the inclusion of these children into 'mainstream' schools is to be effective then all teachers (and parents) should be made aware of it and given adequate traing to help them to deal with it. However, it is worth remembering that in a country where many of our children share a classroom with up to thirty others it may be difficult for those in the teaching profession to cope with the extra workload, this however must remain to be seen. 1
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