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The evacuation of British Children - Which source is the more useful as evidence about the start of the children's evacuation journey?

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Introduction

Coursework 2 By Kristina Good ridge 11t The evacuation of British Children Which source is the more useful as evidence about the start of the children's evacuation journey? Explain your answer using Sources B and C and knowledge from your studies. Source B is a photograph of evacuees walking to a station in London in September 1939. All there is a mass of children all walking and waving looking at the camera. They are all walking on the pavement, and the teachers are walking on the road. All the children look very happy and seem to be looking forward to the adventure. This source is useful to the extend that it shows you what the children were wearing. You can see the bags and the labels on the children as well as the types of clothes they wore. It also shows you where the children had to walk and the fact that they did have to walk to the stations on there own, with the other class mates in a mass group. However, the source has many reliability problems. The source is a photograph there for it is only one moment in time. This picture also might have been staged out and therefore could show us nothing on what really did happen. If the photograph is real, the other problem is that, the evacuation process might not of happened in this way else where. This could be just the way they did it in London. Another problem with this source is that we don't know why the photograph was taken. It could have been just anyone taking a picture as a one off, or it could have been a government picture for use as propaganda to try an encourage mothers and fathers that evacuation is a great idea. Another fault is that there is a teacher standing in the road looking at the camera waving, with all the other children waving and smiling too. ...read more.

Middle

The children all look very happy as they are walking and they are all waving to the camera. This source as also a number a problems with its reliability. The source is just one moment in time, and it also could have been staged. The teacher in the picture could be telling the children to wave as they go past the camera. Another fault is that the evacuation process might not of taken part in the same way all over the country, so this again shows faults in the reliability of the source. The perpus of the source is also unknown. It could have been taken for propaganda reasons, to try and get people to sent there children out of an area. The photograph was taken very early on the evacuation process. Changes might have occurred in the way things happened or children where treated. The source helps me as it given evidence on what the children where wearing and how they all got to the stations, but the reliability of the source in very questionably. Source C is a teacher remembering what happened to her and the children she was with, when she was evacuated. The source gives great emotion details on what was said and how all the children and mothers where feeling, but there are some problems with the reality of the source. The source was given by a teacher haven been interviewed 49 years after she was evacuated. She may have forgotten details, or it might have been so traumatic for her that she remembers only the bad parts of the evacuation process. The source is also only a small moment in time. There might have been more things going on while she can only remember theses parts. The source is useful as it gives me an emotional account of what the evacuation process was like, but the reliability of the source questions my views. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was a film, so it was made to entertain people, so none of it could be factual. It was also from a young boy's point of view, so we are only seeing the things that he saw, and we also only understand the things that he understood at the time. The source was a re-enactment of what it could have been like to be evacuated. The source is only using male and female actors as the characters. It was also one a few moments in time. It could have been different in another place. The source is useful as it shows me an re-enactment of what it could or was like for a child to be evacuated, but as evidence to weather or not evacuation was successful, it is unreliably. After having anaylsed the sources I have come to my conclution that evacuation was a success for some children and familys. Some of the evacuees had a great time and went to kind families who looked after them and often lived in better conditions than they were used to. The children discovered all kinds of things which they hadn't realised - for example, in the city, children were used to getting their milk in a bottle from the milkman. They didn't know that it came from cows! Some were amazed to learn this. But other evacuees had a bad experience, living with families who treated them like slaves and they missed their homes and parents very badly. It was a success as the Government feared that the major cities would be bombed by the Germans. So they decided that the young people in Britain - the future of the country and also too young to look after themselves if their parents were killed - should be moved out of the danger areas for protection. This helped save lives, yet it was so unsuccessful as many children didn't get moved out of the towns for there parents where not conviced. I really think that evacuation was a success and a failure for these reasons. ...read more.

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