• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The following essay will describe and explain Flash bulb memory using the knowledge of the cognitive approach. Flash bulb memory is the

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Use your knowledge of the cognitive approach in psychology to describe and explain one contemporary issue or debate. The following essay will describe and explain Flash bulb memory using the knowledge of the cognitive approach. Flash bulb memory is the memory that is a long-lasting and vivid memory of a specific event and the context in which it occurred. The event is important and emotionally significant (e.g. a national or personal event). The term 'flashbulb' refers to the fact it is photographic image of the event and setting has been encoded, as the memory is so detailed and accurate. This theory of flash bulb memory was supported by different researchers for example Cohen et al (1994) and Brown and Kulik (1977). ...read more.

Middle

Cohen et al also predicted that true flashbulb memories are more enduring so less vulnerable to forgetting than other types of memory. The resignation of the former Conservative party leader Mrs Thatcher was used to test people's flashbulb memory. Younger and older adults were questioned a fortnight of Mrs Thatcher's resignation and they were then questioned 11 months later. The findings revealed that 90% of younger participants and 42% of older adults had flashbulb memory. It is hard to know whether the high levels of memory shown by the participants were due to the distinctiveness and emotional impact of the event or to the fact that the resignation was rehearsed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Cue dependency is when information is stored in memory but cannot be retrieved because of inadequate retrieval cues. However, a dramatic event for example the assassination of President Kennedy in 1963 can be a cue to help one remember minor details at that time. Flashbulb memory can help us remember minor peripheral details such as what one was doing or wearing at the time of the event or how they were feeling and where they were. There is also a lot of experimental research to back up the theory of flashbulb memory such as Cohen et al (1994) and Brown and Kulik (1977). Along with the knowledge of cognitive approach e.g. Multi-store model and levels of processing. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. SHORT TERM MEMORY

    Another EV that could have affected the DV is the time of the day the experiment took place, as in the morning, participants tend to be more alert than in the afternoon. The control for this EV was that the experiment was conducted in the morning, when all participants are the most alert.

  2. In this experiment, the cognitive approach was investigated, focusing on the study of memory ...

    In a later study, Simon and Gilmartin (1973) guestimated that "grandmasters" could hold 50,000 chunks of chess pieces in their memories. Gobet (1998) developed on this research on chess expertise, investigating the number and size of the chunks that they can hold in their memories.

  1. Recall in Memory Using Mnemonics

    and asked them to recall them straight after learning, and gave another group a 30 second delay after learning. He found that recency effects were eliminated after the 30 second delay. In this experiment, there were signs of recency effects with some participants remembering the last 3 words (recency effect)

  2. Investigating the short-term memory

    The difference is that group1 participants had the recall without the distraction therefore able to rehearse the words more successfully. The high scores again reflect that a phonological code was used as many of the words sounded similar and as mentioned above few mistakes were made recalling the words throughout the investigation.

  1. 'Organisation in Memory'.

    Tulving (1968) describes this form of organisation (when the participant uses organisation to aid recall) subjective organisation, as opposed to experimenter organisation (organisation imposed by the experimenter). Bower et al.

  2. Memory's Impact

    The table is a summary of both averages for the emotional and neutral words remembered by the participants in condition A and condition B. Average number of emotional words recalled. (condition A) Average number of neutral words recalled. (condition B)

  1. everyday memory

    all of the time and it is likely that at least some of that information will displace or replace existing knowledge, hence causing forgetting of that previous knowledge. * However, forgetting can also be caused by proactive interference (PI)... * Underwood (1957)

  2. How levels of processing affects memory

    Method Design For this experiment a laboratory experiment was chosen. This is a type of experiment that is conducted in a well-controlled environment. All the participants took part in the experiment in the same room, which was a biology classroom.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work