• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Humanistic Approach.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction to the Humanistic Approach ==> Each individual is unique ==> What matters is each person's subjective view not objective reality. ==> Reality is defined by the individual's perspective, which is based on their personal unique experiences of life. ==> Each individual strives to maximise their potential (self-actualisation) and should be responsible for their lives (free will). ==> Human nature is inherently good and self-righting History of the Humanistic Approach ==> Humanistic Psychology is derived from the wider principals of humanism. ==> Humanism is a shared belief in human worth and argues that subjectivity is truth (Kierkegaard). ==> Humanism originated in the fourteenth-century writings of Petarch. ==> Humanism is described as 'value systems that emphasise the personal worth of each individual but do not include a belief in God'. ...read more.

Middle

==> As the individual has the unconditional love they are therefore free to stop striving for social approval and seek self-actualisation. ==> Conditional love from a significant other can lead to maladjustment. The Q-sort method This is a way of assessing the self-concept and the ideal self. 1. An individual is presented with a pile of cards, each of which contains a personal statement (e.g. "I'm a friendly person", "I'm tense most of the time" 2. The individual puts the statements in order of what describes them best to least. 3. The same procedure is followed with respect to the ideal self. 4. The experimenter works out the gap between the statements selected as descriptive of the self and the ideal self. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore it ignores all processes going on below the level of conscious awareness. ==> Also by only relying on an individual's conscious experiences than he or she may be systematically distorting to create a good impression. ==> The theories are not set out in a way that lend itself to empirical verification therefore many of the theories are vague, unscientific and untestable. ==> The approach suggests that individuals all control their own lives, they have free will. Although this may be a reality for middle class westerners that it is not necessarily true for other less developed parts of the world. ==> Also the idea that we are all capable of achieving self-actualisation may not be true. Individuals that have achieved self-actualisation may simply be more intelligent, talented, well educated and motivated than the rest of us. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences essays

  1. Outline and explain the principles of one of the following: a) Maslow's Hierarchy of ...

    In order to form a clear figure, a balanced quality may be divided so that one end of the continuum can be distinguished from the other. One end of the range becomes figure, and the other ground. These polarities may appear to be unrelated but are, in fact, extremes of a mid-point called "zero point".

  2. The Gestalt Approach to Psychology

    Emphasis was placed on catharsis. The medical model would attempt to cure an individual of hallucinations and/ or illusions, particularly using drugs. However, the humanistic model sees hallucinations and illusions as normal parts of the individual and therapists encourage discussing and expressing how the individual feels, no matter how abnormal it may be considered by some.

  1. Consider the Problems Faced by Psychologists in the Definition of Abnormality

    However, by complying he would be deviating from Jahoda's definition of ideal mental health. Personal autonomy in the Western world is regarded highly, however in other cultures and in many circumstances a person would be expected to put the needs of others first.

  2. Free essay

    Discuss the range of methods available to the psychologist.

    Questionnaires consist of a set of questions usually in a written form used to collect information about a topic or subject. Questionnaires can contain both open questions and closed questions. Closed questions have a range of answers which the participants must select one from the list.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work