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The Humanistic Approach.

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Introduction to the Humanistic Approach ==> Each individual is unique ==> What matters is each person's subjective view not objective reality. ==> Reality is defined by the individual's perspective, which is based on their personal unique experiences of life. ==> Each individual strives to maximise their potential (self-actualisation) and should be responsible for their lives (free will). ==> Human nature is inherently good and self-righting History of the Humanistic Approach ==> Humanistic Psychology is derived from the wider principals of humanism. ==> Humanism is a shared belief in human worth and argues that subjectivity is truth (Kierkegaard). ==> Humanism originated in the fourteenth-century writings of Petarch. ==> Humanism is described as 'value systems that emphasise the personal worth of each individual but do not include a belief in God'. ...read more.


==> As the individual has the unconditional love they are therefore free to stop striving for social approval and seek self-actualisation. ==> Conditional love from a significant other can lead to maladjustment. The Q-sort method This is a way of assessing the self-concept and the ideal self. 1. An individual is presented with a pile of cards, each of which contains a personal statement (e.g. "I'm a friendly person", "I'm tense most of the time" 2. The individual puts the statements in order of what describes them best to least. 3. The same procedure is followed with respect to the ideal self. 4. The experimenter works out the gap between the statements selected as descriptive of the self and the ideal self. ...read more.


Therefore it ignores all processes going on below the level of conscious awareness. ==> Also by only relying on an individual's conscious experiences than he or she may be systematically distorting to create a good impression. ==> The theories are not set out in a way that lend itself to empirical verification therefore many of the theories are vague, unscientific and untestable. ==> The approach suggests that individuals all control their own lives, they have free will. Although this may be a reality for middle class westerners that it is not necessarily true for other less developed parts of the world. ==> Also the idea that we are all capable of achieving self-actualisation may not be true. Individuals that have achieved self-actualisation may simply be more intelligent, talented, well educated and motivated than the rest of us. ...read more.

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