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The memory is very important in processing information. Our previous experiences affect how we judge and interpret information and the course of action we take.

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Introduction

Gemma Brayne Mr Culverhouse Homework Page 102-104 Memory The memory is very important in processing information. Our previous experiences affect how we judge and interpret information and the course of action we take. The memory process is very complex and although there has been much research in this area, it is still not fully understood. It's useful to try to simplify the process by using the information processing approach. Short term sensory stores Information in the form of stimuli enters the brain from the environment. Each store has a large capacity but information is only stored for between a 1/4 and one second before it is filtered. This filtering takes place in the stimulus identification stage. Selective attention takes place in the short-term sensory stores. Short term memory This has been named the "workspace" because this is where information is used to decide what needs to be done. ...read more.

Middle

Meaningless items are usually not stored for long periods of time. Motor programs are stored in the long-term memory because they have been rehearsed many times. The process of continued rehearsal leads to a skill being almost automatic and the process of learning by rehearsal is often referred to as "over learning". If you are regulary using particular motor skills you are more likely to remember them eg, once you have learned to swim you are unlikely to forget. Key Points The memory process is still largely am mystery but simplified models have been developed to try to explain the process. The basic model describes memory as essentially a three-stage process: Short-term sensory store-short-term memory-Long-term memory. All information that is selected passes through the short-term memory. The process 'chunking' can help a performer deal with larger amounts of information. Items of information need to be rehearsed before they can be stored in the long-term memory. ...read more.

Conclusion

Draw a simple model of the memory process 18. What is meant by selective attention? I'ts where relevant information is filtered through into the short-term memory and irrelevant information is lost. 19. How can a teacher ensure that information is stored in the performers long-term memory? The teacher can ask them to rehearse a skill that they have learnt 20. What is meant by a motor programme? It organises a series of subroutines into the correct sequence to perform a movement, adapting it to change in the environment. Motivation and arousal Motivation is extremely important because without it there is no reason for anyone to want to acquire motor skills. There needs to be a drive to learn and achieve success. The study of motivation has been wide, and it could take a whole book to cover each aspet of motivational research in any detail. 1. Motivation involves our inner drives towards achieving a goal 2. Motivation depends on external pressures and rewards that we perceive in our environment. 3. Motivation concerns the intensity and the direction of our behaviour. ...read more.

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