• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Memory Process. This paper will describe a memory test using numbers, letters, and words and analyze results of the test, as well as explain the concepts of working memory, short term memory, and long term memory.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Memory Process Encoding data into the mind is the general process of memory. In other words, memory is the capability to program, accumulate and remember things. The three central methods of memory are to encode, store, and recall. Three kinds of encoding are used to process information for storage. The first is to hear the information, which is called acoustic. The second is imagery or what is seen and the third is information that is meaningful known as semantic. Memory is ultimately held in storage until such time the information is needed and then it is recalled. This paper will describe a memory test using numbers, letters, and words and analyze results of the test, as well as explain the concepts of working memory, short term memory, and long term memory. It will also offer an explanation of encoding and retrieval in the memory process and how they relate to this memory test and the results. Lastly, this paper will evaluate variables connected to encoding information and ease of retrieval as they relate to this test and the results. ...read more.

Middle

Long term memory is concerned with the information that lies outside of the conscious mind that may be recalled by the working memory when needed. Although some of the information is easily recalled, while other information is more difficult to recover. Selected Memory Test I found a memory test that used random numbers, random letters, and words to test memory. The website stated that "the average person's short-term memory can hold about 7 pieces of information" (Braingle, 1999-2012). The purpose of this test is to determine my short term memory limit. The website gives information on how to use different techniques to train your brain to better remember more information in the short term memory. One such technique is known as chunking. With this technique you take smaller objects and group them into larger objects so they can be more easily remembered (Braingle, 1999-2012). The test itself began by clicking a button to reveal three numbers or letters, depending on which test you are taking. I chose to do the letters test. ...read more.

Conclusion

I pictured them in my mind as such: XDO-KLJ-NWQ-N-F. I did the last one like that because I remembered it as "enough" or N-F. After taking the letters test, I began thinking of how well chunking works with numbers. We use this with social security numbers as well as telephone numbers and even birthdays. If a familiar number like a birthday is seen as an address, it will be easier to remember the address because those particular numbers are common even though the place may not be. Conclusion In sum, short term and long term memory are thought to have a different set of characteristics, which are unique. Short term memory is as simple as its name, short. It only lasts for up to 30 seconds without rehearsal. With rehearsal, these items have a greater possibility of being transferred to long term memory, which last much longer. Short term memory has a restricted capacity, while long term memory is likely to be nearly immeasurable in volume. On average, people have the capacity to store 7 pieces of information in their short term memory and in their long term memory it is possible to store several groups of information. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Summary

The writer has completed a basic essay on memory showing that they have an understanding of short term, working and long term memory. However, too few references have been used and therefore some of the main studies associated with these subjects have not been mentioned. More needs to be written on long term memory and recall too. If further studies are included and more is written on the subject of long term memory then the score would be higher.

Rating 3 *

Marked by teacher Linda Penn 07/08/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this essay I am going to contrast and compare three approaches in psychology ...

    4 star(s)

    The aim of this therapy 'is to help clients clarify their thoughts on problems to gain greater insight into them. This greater understanding helps clients to recognize their own strengths and limitations, and very often accompanied by an increase of self-esteem.'

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and evaluate the Multi-store Model of memory.

    3 star(s)

    The Levels of Processing Model, proposed by Craik and Lockhart, 1972, concentrates on the LTM and the semantic processing occurring there. It presents another alternative to the Multi-store model, which suggests information is transferred to LTM via rehearsal (repetition). This model suggests that the depth or level at which we

  1. Experiment to Test Memory Using Recognition and Free Recall.

    If the depth of analysis at the time of learning is the most crucial factor to memory, free recall and recognition conditions should not produce significantly different results. Recognition of patterns such as letters or an arrangement of letters is a process of identifying an arrangement of parts as a known item.

  2. Critically assess Piaget's theory of cognitive development

    Piaget's theory has been countered by many psychologists over the years, however its main strength still lies in the fact that the theory accounts for both biological and environmental factors in the development of cognitive intelligence. His studies have also meant that much more research has been carried out into cognitive development, which has increased overall understanding of the subject.

  1. An experiment to investigate the effect of interference on memory recall

    The researcher was also very interested to see in what order the participants recalled the words (although the researcher had emphasised to the participants that order was not important). The results showed that without interference, the majority tended to recall words that were called at the start, the end or both.

  2. The Effect Chunking of Numbers has on Short-Term Memory Recall.

    to people, like FBI, so it was very likely that recall would be from long-term memory storage and not STM. In this study, nonsensical numbers will be used to test recall so that it is certain that information will be recalled from STM and not LTM.

  1. Stroop Test Experiment

    EEG and fMRI studies of the Stroop effect have revealed selective activation of the anterior cingulate cortex during a stroop task, a prefrontal structure in the brain which is hypothesized to be responsible for conflict monitoring. HYPOTHESES AIM: The aim of this experiment is to test the stroop effect by

  2. Memory: Rote Rehearsal and Mental Imagery.

    This was because the material they were asked to recallhad a semantic meaning to the individual. This is a similar effect to the effect of mental imagery on memory of material. The Atkinson and Schiffrin model does not explain why when unrelated words are easily committed to memory through mental imagery.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work