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The Role of Early Relationships

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Introduction

The Role of Early Relationships In this assignment I will discuss the role of early relationships in the development of child behaviour. This involves many factors such as the family, child rearing styles, theory and development of attachment. I will discuss and explain experiences which I have come across within the children's sector and how these are influenced by the developmental theory. I will then discuss in depth how the main developmental perspectives play a part in early years. P3. The role of family when considering child rearing is vital as this is where the bonding process begins; as this bond is formed the child develops an attachment to the person therefore creating a relationship. This bond in the beginning is primarily developed with the baby's main care provider, not necessarily the mother, as children are brought up in diverse family structures. Family structures such as: nuclear family which involves both parents being together to bring up the child not relying on others for support, lone parent families which is either the mother or father bringing the child up with out the support of a partner, reconstituted families where two adults become partners whilst parenting children from a previous relationship and finally extended families where there is a close knit support from other family members such as grandparents who live together with the parent(s) and child. Many families don't fit ideally into just one of these support units and may be a single parent family with the close support of other family members even though they do not live together as one family unit, this then affects the people which the child develops primary attachments with as the parent may work and the grandparents become the main childcare providers for the child therefore forming multiple attachments. P3. The ways in which child rearing has developed over time has changed dramatically not only due to the ways in which a family is structured but how the care is managed. ...read more.

Middle

During feeding the child feels secure, calm and loved while being held close to the adult although this is a necessary routine it gives parent and child the opportunity to bond by the parent soothing the child which could be done in a number of ways such as talking softly to or stroking their baby and using eye contact. Physical contact between the baby and their carer reinforces attachment this can be contact such as cuddling, stroking, rocking and comforting. An adult needs to spend time with the child not just to provide the physical needs and routines the child needs but to help the child feel secure about the environment they are in and the people who are around them, for example children in a day care setting feel more secure if they attend on a regular basis rather than once a week as they are able to build up an attachment with their carers and key worker. P3. The way in which a key worker responds to a child will affect the development of attachment, when the key worker knows what the child needs or wants the key worker can respond in the correct ways so the child feels cared for and understood without needing to get frustrated. Before the key worker is able to do this they need to spend time with the baby so that they know the child as each child had individual needs and expresses these in different ways as an affect of their different upbringing and home environment for example who their main care provider is when at home as they may respond differently if they are from a large family unit as they are likely to find developing multiple attachments easier than a child from a single parent family which therefore effects the child's ability to from attachments with their key worker and care providers in a childcare setting. ...read more.

Conclusion

D1. It is very important that parents are involved in the development of their child; this can be done through parent contribution in the setting such as volunteering to help supervise on trips. However some parents may be unable to help in this way due to commitments such as work or other younger children at home, this can leave some parents feeling guilty that they have not been able to offer the setting support. Other parents my feel that they are pressurised into helping and do not want to contribute in this way as they feel that they do not have the skills needed to help make a positive contribution. There may be unfairness in this as some parents will be able and willing to become more involved in the setting which may make others feel inadequate of offering positive support to the children of other adults. D1. The work of Robertson & Robertson has made positive changes to hospital visiting thus allowing children to visit their parents. This is because Robertson and Robertson observed the behaviour of children when separated from parents who are in hospital, the observation showed that the bond between the child and carer eventually suffered as the child felt abandoned and grieved for the lost relationship, it was proven that children further to this developed problems when forming attachments and relationships after. Hospitals then changed their policies so that family rooms are now available to that parents can stay over night if the child is in hospital and similar for parents which meant that the parent and child were still able to bond during the stay in hospital. There is one main apparent disadvantage to his change and that is if the parent/family is unable to use the facilities provided to stay within the hospital due to other commitments such as work, siblings and other family business which may need attending to. Reference List * Squire G (2007), Children's Care Learning and Development, Heinemann, Oxford. * www.attachment.edu.ar/outline.html * www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/560703/Benjamin-Spock * www.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761562207/benjamin_spock.html * www.geocities.com/wellesley/3321/win26a.html * www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-wellbeing/health-news/battle-of-the-baby-gurus-519272.html * www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/lorenz.htm * www.news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/7838273.stm * www.psychology.about.com/od/loveandattraction/ss/attachmentstyle.htm * www.saidwhat.co.uk/quotes/favourite/benjamin_spock * www.sheilakitzinger.com/Workw.htm * www.teachingexpertise.com/articles/attachment-theory-1116 ...read more.

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