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The Role of Play In Overall Development of Children - Why is play important?

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Introduction

THE ROLE OF PLAY IN OVERALL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN WHY IS PLAY IMPORTANT? Play is the natural, most effective and most powerful way a child learns. Through play children learn to concentrate, to try out ideas, to imitate grown-ups, to explore the world around them, to develop their imagination, to participate, share and socialise. Young children at play are the most fervent explorers constantly making new discoveries. Play also helps children to manage their feelings and to cope with upsetting things that happen in their lives. Play helps build relationships aswell as being relaxing and fun. Children develop intellectually through play eg Hitting a mobile and making it move - learning about cause and effect,posting boxes - learning about space and size; Puzzles - learning about shapes, sizes, number; Sorting toys - learning about number and grouping; Making up their own games - creativity. Children develop motor (physical) skills eg Picking up small things; Using crayons or paint; Throwing and catching; Climbing toys; Hitting balls; Writing. Children develop socially and emotionally From the time toddlers start to play near others, they are learning about relationships. As they get older, play teaches about taking turns and sharing. Play helps children to negotiate when two children want the same toy or want to make rules for games. ...read more.

Middle

play act as a stimulus in Perceptual Development sensory integration Sensory integration is the ability of the brain to process information taken in through the senses. play assist in the development of each of these areas. the cognitive process The manual looks at how a child processes information based upon experiences and learning. It explains in simple terms the involvement of logical reasoning, attention, the organization of information, conceptualization and integration a child takes in information through the senses - sight, hearing, smell, touch, taste and how they integrate the information and act upon it. Certain play activities are important in the development of the cognitive process Social Skills This occurs when a child interacts or mix with other people or when children play together. It includes the development of various social abilities such are: relationship, helping others, co-operation, friendly, sharing, caring, independence, toilet habits, dressing. Physical Skills This takes place once a child is able to move around independently. It gives a child greater control over himself and his surroundings. Physical development include: running, jumping, playing football, climbing, painting, swimming, playing with toys, cutting,hand and eye co-ordination, drawing/writing. Intellectual Skills The child develop new skills/abilities with words and objects, experiment with the properties of creative media and play equipment and solve his own problems in his own way. ...read more.

Conclusion

They learn best from direct sensory encounters with the world (what they can see, hear, taste, and feel) and not through formal academic lessons. Young children learn by manipulating, exploring, and experimenting with real materials and objects. Action and movement characterize learning for young children. These basic learning principles of child development apply in play: Children Learn and Grow as Whole Persons. They learn best when their physical and emotional needs are met and they feel safe and secure. Children Learn Through Engagement and Through Interaction About Their Experiences. They are concrete learners who need direct sensory experiences and opportunities to share and relate those experiences with others. All Children Can Learn, and Given Appropriate Settings, Want to Learn. They are persistent, curious, and creative; they work hard to make sense of their world. Children Learn Quickly When New Information is Presented in Meaningful Ways at Appropriate Times. They learn best when they are given the opportunity to actively initiate play activities based on new experiences. Children Utilize Differing Learning Styles. Various multisensory experiences and materials provide children with the basics for understanding and relating to their world in a way that is comfortable and natural for them. Children Grow and Develop Through Predictable Stages, but at Individual Rates. Learning is not a linear progression. While all children go through the same stages in development, each child determines his or her own pace and unique way of developing. www.education-world.com/a_issues/issues217.shtml www.kidsource.com/kidsource/ content4/school.recess www.post-gazette.com/lifestyle/ 20021001childsplay1001fnp3 www.pbs.org/wholechild/providers/play. www.bris.ac.uk/Depts/Nursery/activities.html ...read more.

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