• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The third issue states that Kieron 'had no friends his own age.' Many studies have been conducted about children and their friends, looking at issues such as gender, age and learning disability status. According to Sullivan

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Psychology Assignment Word Count: 999 The Source The source is from the Daily Mail (15th December 2005). It concerns a teenager, Kieron Smith, convicted of killing another child. Psychological assumptions The first issue states that Keiron had " "eccentric" behaviour, difficulties forming social relationships, problems communicating with others and the development of strong narrow obsessional interests." It states that he had troubles in social situations. This relates to a theory by Eysenck (1964) claimed that personality type led people to commit crimes. The article also assumes that education can be linked to crime. It describes how the education system originally worked with Kieron and his family but "they failed and gave up when he reached 16". Loeber and Farrington (1998) researched a link between education and crime and found academic failure is likely to lead to criminal behaviour. The third issue states that Kieron 'had no friends his own age.' Many studies have been conducted about children and their friends, looking at issues such as gender, age and learning disability status. ...read more.

Middle

Loeber and Farrington (1998) have shown that academic failure, a low commitment to schooling and dropping out of school have all been shown to be factors effecting criminal behaviour. Farrington (1998) showed that 20% of boys with poor performance in school were convicted of violent offences as adults. Kieron only received education up to Key Stage 3, therefore Loeber and Farrington's findings relate to him. Kieron's lack of education could be the reason why he committed his crime. Issue three: Friends of children with learning disabilities This article states that Kieron's friends were younger than him. Weiner and Schneider (2002) concluded that children with learning disabilities had more friends with learning problems and fewer friends of the same age. Friends tended to be younger and of the same sex. Proximity and similar achievement levels are partial explanations for this effect. This applies to Kieron as he did not have friends his own age. ...read more.

Conclusion

The universal approach (Mrazek & Haggerty, 1994) is directed at a total population, typically a school, with the aim of reducing the incidence of disorders in that population. Curriculum-based programs, such as Second Step (Grossman et al., 1997) and Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (Kusche & Greenberg, 1994), promote the development of social and emotional competence by teaching social problem solving, anger management and emotion self-regulation skills in the classroom. However difficulty arises if these techniques can not be learnt. Whom children become friends with cannot be controlled, however if a child, such as Kieron, is choosing to become friends with younger children, then social skills and morality levels that are not being learnt from peers, must be learnt from parents or other role models. Bandura (1977) developed the social learning theory which could be applied. When this theory was applied in a natural way to Kieron, he was under-developed compared children his age. If Kieron had been put in set up scenarios for him to learn by watching others and experiencing right and wrong, he would have developed and would have been more able to social situations. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Autism & Learning Difficulties.

    'a severe impairment in their understanding of mental states and in their appreciation of how mental states govern behaviour' * This therefore means they lack the 'theory of mind'. (Term Autistic people fail to develop the ability to attribute mental states to other people and this causes problems with communication,

  2. Free essay

    Unmasking Anxiety with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    in the brain. Escitalopram may improve your feelings of well-being and energy level and decrease nervousness" (HealthCentral). The PDR lists at the bottom of the Patient Information section that even if patients notice improvement within up to a month, they are still advised to attend therapy (PDR 3533).

  1. PERSONALITY DISORDERS

    Linehan (1987, cited in Sue et al, 2000) posits that dysfunctional emotional regulation and fluctuating emotions are at the core of the borderline personality disorder. Dialectical Behaviour therapy is a promising treatment for borderline personality disorder, which is based on a dialectical worldview, which defines reality consisting of opposing forces.

  2. What causes crime?

    Differences between such identical twins are taken to be produced primarily by environmental factors. Dizygotic (DZ) twins develop from the fertilisation of two eggs. They do not share the same genetic characteristics. By comparing the effects of environments on identical and non-identical twins it is possible to determine the extent to which hereditary features play a part.

  1. This curriculum plan is to be based on children aged between nought to two ...

    There are no additional resources that will be needed. She will be learning to be confident in what she knows she can do and beginning to try new things to build confidence. Starting to enjoy being with well-known people in her class and the adults and having encouraging relationships.

  2. History of Education

    boarding school where contact with parents would be limited to school holidays. After the Second World War small numbers of mothers started to go to work out of a financial need, these numbers increased in the 1960's. A cultural tradition in Yorkshire was to work in the mills making textiles.

  1. Do playgroups encourage gender stereotypes?

    The leaders just left the children to play independently and I noticed that it was in fact the parents of the children who made the girls dress up as nurses and the boys as doctors. I heard one mother say to her son; 'no don't put that nurse's hat on that's for the girls.'

  2. Psychology Cae Studies

    This is linked to role consumption, This occurs when one particular role comes to define an individual take for example an athlete or politician who refuses to retire long after they have passed their prime. Both the guards and the prisoners suffered from this problem.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work