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The Tizard and Hodges Study (1978)

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Eddy Williams 12.2 - 20th September 2004 Psychology The Tizard and Hodges Study (1978) Definitions > Attachment :- The act attaching, or state of being attached; close adherence or affection; fidelity; regard; an/ passion of affection that binds a person; as, an attachment to a friend, or to a party. > Deprivation :- The act of depriving, dispossessing, or bereaving; the act of deposing or divesting of some dignity. > Privation :- The state of being deprived or destitute of something, especially of something required or desired; destitution; need; as, to undergo severe privations. Findings and Conclusion of the Tizard and Hodges Study The aim of Hodges and Tizard's study was to examine the effect of institutional upbringing on later attachments. ...read more.


> A self-report questionnaire concerning 'social difficulties'. > A questionnaire completed by the children's schoolteacher about their relationships with their fellow students and their teachers. > The Rutter 'B' scale which is a type of psychometric test, which identifies psychiatric problems such as depression. At the age of sixteen the vast majority of the adoptive mothers felt that their child was deeply attached to them. By contrast only a half of the restored children were described as 'deeply attached'. Adopted teenagers, or adolescents, were also more often to be attached to their father than the restored group. Ex-institutional children had greater problems with siblings than a comparison group. There were no differences regarding the number of contacts with opposite sex friends, or whether the teenager currently had a relationship, like a boyfriend or girlfriend, compared to non-institutionalised children. ...read more.


The financial situation of the adoptive families was often better, they had on average fewer children to provide for, and the adoptive parents were particularly highly motivated to have a child and to develop a relationship with that child. The biological parents in Hodges and Tizard's sample seemed to have been 'more ambivalent about their child living with them'. A Criticism of the Hodges and Tizard Study It would depend on where the institutionalised children were bought up as in the quality of then home. If they were bought up in a small home, where children are close to each other they would make more connections at a younger age, than children that grew up in a large home. The care wouldn't be as personalised as it would at a smaller home. ...read more.

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