• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

This assignment will examine how crucial planning is in the organisation of play in the nursery. it will begin by investigating the planning framework and follow this I will describe numerous features of play.

Extracts from this document...


Play Therapy UK (PTUK) defines play as "A Physical or mental leisure activity that is undertaken purely for enjoyment or amusement and has no other objective". The Merriam-Webster Dictionary states planning as "The act or process of making or carrying out plans; specifically: the establishment of goals, policies, and procedures for a social or economic unit". This assignment will examine how crucial planning is in the organisation of play in the nursery. it will begin by investigating the planning framework and follow this I will describe numerous features of play. The length of long-term plans varies incredibly. Some settings view a long term plan as over six weeks; whilst in school settings it usually refers to a full academic year's work. Long-term plans should outline how curriculum is to be delivered and the themes need to be considered that are to be used over the period. Long term planning (overview/vision) should link into the whole school curriculum plan and identify the leaning opportunities offered by each activity area. They also identify how the area will cater fir the differing needs and abilities of children and state how adults might interact with children in areas to extend/deepen knowledge skills understanding. ...read more.


Children learn successfully if they are allowed to 'seize the moment' and this is where adult flexibility is vital. The child who unexpectedly brings a jar of snails into the nursery offers the opportunity for an 'on the spot' discussion of minibeasts, life form, houses, bodily needs (food, water and so on). The interest of the children will be captured by the excitement of the snails' arrival, and therefore opportunities for learning are high. Similarly, the child who makes a pretend kite (perhaps triggered by observation of kites elsewhere) and runs around the garden trying to fly it, will be learning the basic aerodynamics, as well as having fun and fulfilling a spontaneous needs to try something new. Socialisation develops as a child's play moves from solitary actions of the toddler absorbed in their own world through to the complex games involving rules seen in the infant school playground. The ability to co-operate with others moves through stages, which are dependent on both the maturational sage of development of the individual child and the opportunities and experience that has been made available to them. The first stage of play is referred to as solitary play. The child plays contentedly on his or her own, still needed the reassurance of the adult. ...read more.


Montessori encouraged independence and considered that children had reached the highest point of their learning when they were silently absorbed in their activity. She referred to this as the 'polarisation of attention'. Montessori believed that the adult's role is to 'follow the child'. She based her theories on extensive observation of children and the acceptance today of children being eager learners from birth is often attributed to her theories. These various theorists have had an enormous impact on play. Jean Piaget saw play as a method to encourage cognitive development. Montessori also believed that play was an essential tool to develop the child intellectually. Like Piaget she thought children were self-motivated. She did not value "free play" unlike Freud who saw free play as a window to the child's emotions. Freud believed that children express their true feelings through "free play", because they were in charge of the play the unconscious is allowed to express itself. To conclude, it would appear that play is essential for many reasons. Theorists recognise that play can develop children emotionally and intellectually. Play takes many forms. Its importance is over looked often; however, it is the building blocks for future learning. The planning of play must be implemented effectively to ensure that the child gains the most from play that is possible. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Welcome to our private day nursery. The information in this booklet refers to the ...

    4 star(s)

    "Children need a clean, warm, hygienic environment in order to stay healthy" (T Bruce, C Meggitt, 2002, P.185) 2 Cache Diploma in Child Care and Education Our environment CARING We welcome people into our nursery with a smile and 'hello' our attitudes towards each other are the examples which the children will follow.

  2. Communication skills in a group interaction.

    I did not give roles to each of the children because it was going to be an activity where they would simply use their own ideas and make their own personal card. However I was the leader within the group therefore I could guide the interaction.

  1. This curriculum plan is to be based on children aged between nought to two ...

    about life cycles and the way that animals change over time * Animal pairs experimenting with animal sounds and movements, child will have to find their partners * How we grow-measuring sizes of hands, feet, height etc * I've lost my mum- a matching card game where the child helps

  2. Using studies from the list below, answer the questions which follow: Rosenhan (sane in ...

    This can be demonstrated in the case study of Little Hans' phobia where Hans' was in a neurotic state and then returned to being normal after he resolved his conflicts. In addition, it was also discovered that abnormal behaviour is difficult to generalize and compare since many cases are unique.

  1. I will be looking at the three different types of play that can promote ...

    Books and stories * Sand and water play * Painting and drawing * Play dough Can be provided to help develop skills such as (Tassoni and Beith 2002 p 392) * Manipulative * Social * Sharing * Self confidence, feeling of security * Language and communication At the beginning of

  2. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    The school gives the pupils free fruit at break, and the children receive free milk and biscuits. Also the school does provide some free out of school trips for its pupils. All of the equipment at the school is also free.

  1. Investigate the concepts of curriculum development.

    of Information Technology and a knowledge hungry society offers enormous opportunities to improve the quality of life and enhance our national prosperity. Therefore in order to take advantage of these opportunities, there is a growing need to educate and prepare the next generation with the skills needed to ensure that this country maintains it competitive edge.

  2. This will involve looking into the organisational structure and culture of the Oceans 11 ...

    This would also be the case for Reuben, who was previously humiliated by Terry. Meanwhile, the remaining team members' personal triumph would obviously be to have managed to successfully steal the $150million while using all their abilities in different ways and areas.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work