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This assignment will examine how crucial planning is in the organisation of play in the nursery. it will begin by investigating the planning framework and follow this I will describe numerous features of play.

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Introduction

Play Therapy UK (PTUK) defines play as "A Physical or mental leisure activity that is undertaken purely for enjoyment or amusement and has no other objective". The Merriam-Webster Dictionary states planning as "The act or process of making or carrying out plans; specifically: the establishment of goals, policies, and procedures for a social or economic unit". This assignment will examine how crucial planning is in the organisation of play in the nursery. it will begin by investigating the planning framework and follow this I will describe numerous features of play. The length of long-term plans varies incredibly. Some settings view a long term plan as over six weeks; whilst in school settings it usually refers to a full academic year's work. Long-term plans should outline how curriculum is to be delivered and the themes need to be considered that are to be used over the period. Long term planning (overview/vision) should link into the whole school curriculum plan and identify the leaning opportunities offered by each activity area. They also identify how the area will cater fir the differing needs and abilities of children and state how adults might interact with children in areas to extend/deepen knowledge skills understanding. ...read more.

Middle

Children learn successfully if they are allowed to 'seize the moment' and this is where adult flexibility is vital. The child who unexpectedly brings a jar of snails into the nursery offers the opportunity for an 'on the spot' discussion of minibeasts, life form, houses, bodily needs (food, water and so on). The interest of the children will be captured by the excitement of the snails' arrival, and therefore opportunities for learning are high. Similarly, the child who makes a pretend kite (perhaps triggered by observation of kites elsewhere) and runs around the garden trying to fly it, will be learning the basic aerodynamics, as well as having fun and fulfilling a spontaneous needs to try something new. Socialisation develops as a child's play moves from solitary actions of the toddler absorbed in their own world through to the complex games involving rules seen in the infant school playground. The ability to co-operate with others moves through stages, which are dependent on both the maturational sage of development of the individual child and the opportunities and experience that has been made available to them. The first stage of play is referred to as solitary play. The child plays contentedly on his or her own, still needed the reassurance of the adult. ...read more.

Conclusion

Montessori encouraged independence and considered that children had reached the highest point of their learning when they were silently absorbed in their activity. She referred to this as the 'polarisation of attention'. Montessori believed that the adult's role is to 'follow the child'. She based her theories on extensive observation of children and the acceptance today of children being eager learners from birth is often attributed to her theories. These various theorists have had an enormous impact on play. Jean Piaget saw play as a method to encourage cognitive development. Montessori also believed that play was an essential tool to develop the child intellectually. Like Piaget she thought children were self-motivated. She did not value "free play" unlike Freud who saw free play as a window to the child's emotions. Freud believed that children express their true feelings through "free play", because they were in charge of the play the unconscious is allowed to express itself. To conclude, it would appear that play is essential for many reasons. Theorists recognise that play can develop children emotionally and intellectually. Play takes many forms. Its importance is over looked often; however, it is the building blocks for future learning. The planning of play must be implemented effectively to ensure that the child gains the most from play that is possible. ...read more.

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