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This report will investigate the relationship between locus of control and professional life stress in people. The aim of this study is to look at whether they have an internal or external locus of control, which determines

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Introduction

A Study to Explore the Relationship between Locus of Control and Perceived Stress Levels Abstract This report will investigate the relationship between locus of control and professional life stress in people. The aim of this study is to look at whether they have an internal or external locus of control, which determines how the individual perceives and copes with situations and life events, and how stressed they are due to this. It is theorized that people with a high external locus of control have higher levels of reported stress. This study examined this theory by testing this effect on 186 participants. It found that there was a weak, positive correlation, and the result was not significant. Introduction Originally established within the structure of Rotter's (1954) social learning theory, Locus of Control assesses to what extent each individual perceives a factor or factors that he or she thinks may be responsible for the outcome of an event or situation. Different patterns of reinforcement then lead to differences in belief. An internal locus of control indicates that the individual's behaviour and other life events, whether positive or negative, are determined by internal factors; they are dependent on themselves and their ability to control or change life events or behaviours. In contrast, an external locus of control indicates that external factors, also positive or negative and for which they have no control over, influence an individual's behaviour and life events. ...read more.

Middle

However, these results are not consistent within existing literature; therefore it shows that the results for this particular study were not very reliable. For that reason, the results from this study cannot be generalized to other studies within this context. In completion, this experiment found that there were a number of problems. The questions presented in the questionnaire were one of the major problems. Some questions were ambiguous- this made it hard for the participants to answer. For example, Question 4 says 'Do you enjoy watching sport?' and the options to answer from are 'a) No, b) Yes.' (See Appendix.) Some participants found this hard to answer as they did enjoy watching sport sometimes, other times they did not, so they had trouble in deciding which answer to tick. This could have affected the results, because the answers from the participants were not accurate. If this ambiguity was prevented, the results would possibly be different and maybe prove the hypothesis truthful. The layout of the questionnaire was also poor. Another problem was that the answers to the questions in the questionnaires had possibly not been scored or coded correctly. Human error could be contributory to this problem, and to prevent this in the future, this experiment could be set up on a computer and automatically scored once the participants supplied the answers onto the computer. ...read more.

Conclusion

4. Many times, I feel that I have little influence over the things that happen to me. 5. Getting people to do the right things depends on ability; luck has little or nothing to do with it. 6. Unfortunately, an individual's worth often passes unrecognised no matter how hard he tries. 7. Capable people who fail to become leaders have not taken advantage of their opportunities. 8. This world is run by a few people in power, and there is not much the little guy can do about it. 9. What happens to me is my own doing. 10. Most people don't realise the extent to which their lives are controlled by accidental events. 11. People's misfortunes result from the mistakes that they have made. 12. There is really no such thing as 'luck'. 13. The average citizen can have an influence on government decisions. 14. In the long run people get the respect they deserve in the world. 15. In my case getting what I want has little or nothing to do with luck. 16. With enough effort, we can wipe out political corruption. 17. Who gets to be the boss often depends on who was lucky enough to be in the right place first. 18. Many of the unhappy things in people's lives are partly down to bad luck. 19. It is difficult for people to have much control over the things politicians do in office. 20. People are lonely because they don't try to be friendly. ?? ?? ?? ?? RM2 2463601 ...read more.

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