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To what are conformity and obedience likely outcomes of human behaviour and can individuals avoid these social influences?

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Introduction

´╗┐To what are conformity and obedience likely outcomes of human behaviour and can individuals avoid these social influences? Both conformity and obedience can be seen in everyday life, from young children to grown adults. They both are to a great extent likely outcomes of human behaviour, this can be seen in everyday life for example following the recent fashion to obeying people of an authority figure. Asch?s line experiment conducted in 1951 showed to a great extent how people conform, with the minority behaving like the majority with thinking about the point of view. Even when the participants knew they were right, they still gave the wrong answer they felt they had to comply with the rest of the group, as they did not want to seen as an outcast and wanted to fit in with the rest of the group. ...read more.

Middle

and others had put too much emphasis on the notion that the majority in a group has a large influence on the minority.?( http://www.simplypsychology.org/minority-influence.html) the study showed that having more than one person sticking together and giving constantly the same answer influenced the majority of the group by agreeing with the colour chosen by the minority. The reason the majority conformed to the small minority is because they felt that the minority knew more and saw them as knowing more information. Informational social influence can not only be seen by having a persuasive minority but also where the situation is ambiguous this is where not being clear on what the right thing to do is. The situation being crisis, where a quick action is needed so if someone is in a situation where they need to give an answer quickly they will become under pressure and just follow someone else. ...read more.

Conclusion

Finally Latane also explained that and individual is more likely to listen to a specific speaker within a smaller group rather than one of a larger group. The social impact theory does not only have an effect on conformity but also on the way in which people obey. The social impact principle can be used for obedience as the if a individual finds some deemed more important for example a police officer they are more likely to obey as they see that the officer is an authority figure and knows what is best. Milgram?s study showed the extent in which people obey as each participant is believed to be giving electric shocks to another even when knowing that the shocks that are been given are fatal they proceed as there is a an authority figure in the room who is telling them to carry on, which to the participants see as re assuring as they see the authority figure to know what is best. ...read more.

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