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Traditonal Nuclear Family

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Introduction

Name: Donna Cunningham Enrolment Number: 060939779 Skills Semester 1 Word Count: 1,491 The purpose of this essay is to discuss antisocial behaviour orders and young people. It will describe when antisocial behaviour orders were introduced and why, facts and figures will be presented to back up the argument that antisocial behaviour orders are being used to excess. The essay will then go on to find out why young people might act in an antisocial way and the effects on them and their families. In 1998 the government brought into force the Crime and Disorder Act, this law was introduced in response to growing public concern about antisocial behaviour (ASB) from individuals or groups within a community (Brayne & Carr 2005). Antisocial behaviour, as defined in the Crime and Disorder Act 1998, is when a person has acted in a manner that "caused or was likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to one or more persons not of the same household as himself" (Brayne & Broadbent 2002). In marked contrast to this, Foot (2006) argues that one of the biggest problems is the definition of antisocial behaviour, he suggests that "the definition is so broad that it criminalises anyone that is likely to cause alarm" (Foot, 2006: 17). ...read more.

Middle

It is well documented that the most common behaviour tackled by ASBOs is general loutish and unruly conduct such as verbal abuse, harassment, assault, graffiti and excessive noise. ASBOs have also been used to combat racial harassment, drunk and disorderly behaviour, throwing missiles, vehicle crime and prostitution. Many other problems, for instance the use of air guns, would also lend themselves to this approach. The wide range of anti-social behaviour that can be tackled by ASBOs and the ability to tailor the terms of the order to each specific case illustrates their flexibility (Home Office 2002). Maguire et al (2002) states that is initially, there appeared to be some reluctance to use ASBOs, however, the most recently published information suggests that they are now being sought after with increasing regularity. In the first eighteen months of operation (April 1999 to September 2000), a total of 466 ASBOs were made and 18 were refused, just under three fifths (58 percent) were made against juveniles (Campbell 2002). The number of ASBOs given to young people aged between 10 and 17 has risen significantly, between June 2000 and December 2000 61 ASBOs were given out to juveniles, the number went up in 2001 to 185, in 2002 the figures continue to rise to as much as 239, 2003 seen 515 ASBOs given out to juveniles, 2004 seen a dramatic rise to 1077 and just last year in 2005, 1058 ASBOs were placed on young people. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, according to Rutter et al (1998), the effect on the families and the young people who receive ASBOs can lead to significant negative affects, which include exclusion from school, eviction from their homes, losing contact with service providers, homelessness and becoming involved with the criminal justice system. ASBOs focus on the negative, they are about prohibiting behaviour, courts can not use an ASBO to make young people do something positive, like attending counselling or an anger management course, they do the complete opposite, giving them status within their peer group and starting them on a rocky road. The authorities are not allowing young people the benefits of assessment and appropriate benefits of intervention, by pursuing the civil route all we end up with is a list of prohibitions. (White 2006) To conclude, there is no evidence that ASBOs stop people from behaving antisocially. More than four in ten are breached and frequently those that are just merely move the problem on to another area. This is because at best they are a quick fix which fails to address the root cause of problem behaviour. ASBOs are increasing the prison population, with people jailed for breaches of ASBOs even when the original offence would not carry a prison sentence. Around 10 young people a week are imprisoned this way. ASBOs can also result in the eviction of whole families from homes and communities causing problems in later life. ...read more.

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