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Using all the evidence you have, explain the different experiences of people who lived at Newstead in 1871.

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Introduction

Question 1:- Using all the evidence you have, explain the different experiences of people who lived at Newstead in 1871. There were many different ways of life at Newstead Abbey in 1871. The Newstead household was separated into 3 groups: * The servants * The Webb adults * The Webb children Each group experienced a different lifestyle and had a different hierarchical setting. The groups all co-existed but they also existed on their own within the house. The butler and housekeeper, Horatio Wilmott and Mary Cooper, were the most important of the servants at Newstead. They were in charge of the male and female servants respectively. The butler always had to be dressed in livery as he was the one to greet the guests. We know that the Newstead household had many guests because of the different amounts of food consumed. That was recorded on the household accounts; we are also told that Dr. Livingstone stayed with the family for a considerable time in Augusta's Memoirs and also that the family went on safari with him, we can infer from this the supreme wealth that they possessed. ...read more.

Middle

They brought up and educated the children and saw them more than the children saw their parents. In Augusta's Memoirs she tells us of how she was upset when her mother died, but when Mrs Bellis died she was inconsolable. The Webb adults lived a very different life from the servants and the children. They believed, as many people still did last century that children should be seen and not heard. In Augusta's Memoirs she tells us how every day at breakfast the children were brought down by their nanny to have breakfast with their parents. Every day they were told to sit and play with bricks quietly but each time they were sent away for being too noisy, even though children are bound to be noisy and lively in the mornings. However we can find several faults in the reality of Augusta's Memoirs; she may have overreacted when she said that every morning they were told off for being noisy, this could only have been when her parents had been out late the night before. ...read more.

Conclusion

The mottled purple arms, hands and legs that they suffered from the cold of the attic and inadequate clothing were seen by Mr and Mrs Webb to be signs of good health and vigour. Augusta's statement of 'we were blue with cold' was a biased and one-sided statement and she was, perhaps seeing the past through her adult eyes rather than remembering the good times she had as a child. Their mother did however want them to be proper young ladies and gentlemen and organised a trained governess who also taught them 'useful' skills such as piano playing (Augusta's Memoirs). As I said before, the governess and the nanny were the only servants who were really involved in the Webb's lives. The governess was spoken to and permitted to speak because she would be an educated young woman and not seen as a 'mere' servant. The other servants however were at the very bottom of the social scale and therefore not even acknowledged by the family. Question 1 Sally Lynes 1 ...read more.

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