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Was Evacuation successful?

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Introduction

Was Evacuation successful? When evacuation started in September 1939 it was very popular. Many people in Britain thought that the German's would bomb the large cities such as London and Birmingham without a second thought. These thoughts were due to newsreels at cinemas showing German planes bombing cities in the Spanish civil war. So people were relieved that children and mothers of young children were evacuated. However the German's didn't start bombing British cities until the autumn of 1940 and it got worse through the winter of 1940-1941. This was called the blitz. Before this thousands of children had gone home, having to be evacuated again. Evacuation was generally a success and certainly helped save the lives of thousands of ordinary children from bombing. It involved hundreds and thousands of children, mothers and teachers being moved. It affected thousands of families who became hosts to the children. ...read more.

Middle

Unfortunately some children were exposed to physical, verbal and emotional abuse as well. The adjustment to a different life was hard for many children and also for host families. Source E shows that some of the families' habits affected the host families. The source also points out a main judgement against the evacuated city families; they were stereotyped and all thought of as dirty and untidy this shows a major downfall in the evacuation process because it caused so many social problems between the different social classes. Source F also proves another point; that not all of the common views were true. As soon as the war was declared September 1939 literally hundreds of thousands of children, mothers and children were evacuated using trains and buses to rural areas from September 1939 to April 1940 their was the so called 'Phoney war'. There was very little German activity in this period. They were finishing the invasion of Poland and then refitting their armies ready to attack Western Europe. ...read more.

Conclusion

Evacuation had many more vital effects. It freed up many mothers to take on vital war work. It also had a very powerful social force. Young children from tough inner cities were shown the different areas of the countryside. After the war many people from the country voted for politicians who wanted to stamp out poverty. In total 827,000 school children were evacuated, 524,000 mothers and small children, 13,000 pregnant woman, 7,000 blind and disabled people and 103,000 teachers; a grand total of 1,474,000. All of which, none were killed or seriously injured. When mothers sent their children to be evacuated, it gave them chance to join in the vital war work. The mothers could join the WRENS (women's royal naval service), woman's land army and the air transport auxiliary service. Although women in the war played a vital part as soon as the men and children came back it became yet another issue in there discriminations towards women until the mid 1950s. ...read more.

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