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Was the evacuation of British civilians successful during Worlds War two?

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Introduction

Ben Newman Was the evacuation of British civilians successful during Worlds War two? In the summer of 1940 Britain was involved in the start of another world war against Germany, the first world war had been named 'the war to end all wars'. The British government were worried after watching the German involvement in the Spanish civil war, in which The German Luftwaffe bombed and destroyed the town of Gurenica in which thousands of people were killed. This worried the government as the powers aviation had developed greatly since the First World War as Hitler showed. This would mean British cities would be at great risk from Ariel attacks such as the attack on Gurenica. This would have a terrible affect on morale is people were to see or hear of towns being bombed and hundreds if not thousands being killed, so before the bombs started to fall the British government began to prepare to evacuate people out of its major towns and cities. ...read more.

Middle

Many children were shipped abroad either on private arrangements with relative's abroad or foster parents, with the government's scheme. During the Second World War approximately 3,000 children were evacuated overseas. Many of these were to places like Canada and Australia. The only people left in the cities were the men and women who were needed to turn the cogs of the British war effort back home in Britain i.e. munitions factories. One of the main aims that the government achieved was to keep up morale by evacuating children out of the danger areas. If people were to see young children killed in the bombing then this would damage morale, although some children stayed or returned home when no bombs were dropped on the cities 'the phoney war.' so when the blitz Ben Newman began in 7th September 1940 they had to be evacuated again. For the fear high civilian casualties. ...read more.

Conclusion

People in London decided to use the London underground railway stations as shelters during the night as these were underground and were considered to be safe. The queen actually visited the people hiding in the stations and a line on the platforms so that people sheltering were out of the way of the commuters actually trying to catch the train. My conclusion is that the government succeeded in providing safety precautions in the way of shelters for the people left behind in towns and cities after the evacuation i.e. Anderson shelters and gas masks. Yet they failed to evacuate all children in the first evacuation and had to uproot the left behinds or children how had returned from the countryside again when the blitz began. I feel the government should have made it compulsory for the children to stay with there foster parents when they were there and not allowed to return until the government gave the all clear. This would have saved the government money and time and may not have created such hysteria when the blitz actually started in 1st September 1940. ...read more.

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