• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is meant by the psychodynamic model of abnormality?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What is meant by the psychodynamic model of abnormality? The psychodynamic model of abnormality suggests that all our behaviour and feelings as adults are rooted in our childhood experiences, and that mental illness does not have a physical origin, instead it arises form unresolved unconscious conflicts which form in early childhood. This model also suggests our Relationships help to determined how we feel and behave. Information can be obtained from dream analysis, hypnosis and free association. This model suggests that the personality is made up of three distinct structures: id, ego and super ego and that suffering trauma can lead to the mind putting in place defence mechanisms to protect the ego such as projection, denial, repression and displacement. ...read more.

Middle

There is evidence that stressful life events precede depression, but this can be accounted for by other psychological theories. There are many positive aspects about this model such as; it was the first model was the first to recognise the importance of psychological factors in causing mental disorders. It recognised that early adverse experiences can be a factor in adult mental disorders. It was also the first psychological model of abnormality. Despite these good factors there are also many negative factors that challenge this model, for instance this model overlooks current problems in the patient's life and other external circumstances or situations they may be in. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another factor involved in evaluating this model is that the psychoanalysis of this model is entirely down to the psychologists' interpretation as what the patient is saying. This means that whatever the therapist says is correct as if the patient disagrees the therapist can say that they are in denial. There is no evidence for Freud's contention that repressed anger would be experienced in dreams. This model also means that the patient may have to relive past experience that they wish to forget about. Overall I think that this model is very influential in psychology as it was the first psychological model it has much strengths but also has many limitations. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences essays

  1. Consider the Problems Faced by Psychologists in the Definition of Abnormality

    Due to the fact that Asian people live, and therefore are in much closer contact, with extended family than traditional Western people, there is a greater social support network. Asian people are able to tackle issues within the home, rather than resorting to professional help.

  2. Outline and Evaluate the Biological, Psychodynamic and Cognitive Explanations of Abnormality

    Patients suffering from severe depression may benefit from this therapy, with previous results showing that ECT may alleviate the condition for up to a year. This is a good short term treatment; however 60% of patients will become depressed again within the year, and would need additional therapy.

  1. Defining abnormality

    including the forms of conditioning to which they have been exposed, play a part in the development of mental disorders. However, conditioning is generally less important in humans than in the animal species studies in the laboratory by behaviourists. In general terms, the behavioural model is oversimplified and rather narrow in scope.

  2. Psychological Abnormality

    One last criterion is when one acts bizarrely, because unless it is really evident that the Martians in association with the MI5 are trying to gain information from someone, it will be very difficult to deny that anyone who makes such claims is behaving bizarrely and hence is failing to function adequately.

  1. EVALUATE THE MEDICAL MODEL AND THE BEHAVIOURAL MODEL OF ABNORMALITY

    After having a CAT scan of her brain, showed damage as a result of a stroke had severely damaged the cerebral cortex which resulted in the false recognition and delusions. Those that argue the case for the biological model point out that the model is objective and based on established

  2. Level 2 Counselling skills. Theories -CBT, Psychodynamic and Person Centred.

    The following potentials, he believed, are within all of us: 1. Sociability: the need to be with other human beings and a desire to know and be known by other people 2. Being trusting and trustworthy. 3. Being curious about the world, and open to experience.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work