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What is meant by the psychodynamic model of abnormality?

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Introduction

What is meant by the psychodynamic model of abnormality? The psychodynamic model of abnormality suggests that all our behaviour and feelings as adults are rooted in our childhood experiences, and that mental illness does not have a physical origin, instead it arises form unresolved unconscious conflicts which form in early childhood. This model also suggests our Relationships help to determined how we feel and behave. Information can be obtained from dream analysis, hypnosis and free association. This model suggests that the personality is made up of three distinct structures: id, ego and super ego and that suffering trauma can lead to the mind putting in place defence mechanisms to protect the ego such as projection, denial, repression and displacement. ...read more.

Middle

There is evidence that stressful life events precede depression, but this can be accounted for by other psychological theories. There are many positive aspects about this model such as; it was the first model was the first to recognise the importance of psychological factors in causing mental disorders. It recognised that early adverse experiences can be a factor in adult mental disorders. It was also the first psychological model of abnormality. Despite these good factors there are also many negative factors that challenge this model, for instance this model overlooks current problems in the patient's life and other external circumstances or situations they may be in. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another factor involved in evaluating this model is that the psychoanalysis of this model is entirely down to the psychologists' interpretation as what the patient is saying. This means that whatever the therapist says is correct as if the patient disagrees the therapist can say that they are in denial. There is no evidence for Freud's contention that repressed anger would be experienced in dreams. This model also means that the patient may have to relive past experience that they wish to forget about. Overall I think that this model is very influential in psychology as it was the first psychological model it has much strengths but also has many limitations. ...read more.

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