• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Were The Differing Reactions In Britain To The Policy Of Evacuating Children During The Second World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What Were The Differing Reactions In Britain To The Policy Of Evacuating Children During The Second World War? During the Second World War people's attitudes and reactions towards evacuation changed. There were both positive and negative experiences for the three main groups I am going to discuss, the evacuated children, their parents and their foster parents. For the children at the beginning of the Second World War, Evacuation was looked upon as one big adventure, and the children treated it rather like a childish game. Their opinions however began to chance, for on the 3rd September many children were evacuated, most were sent to the countryside in the hope that they would be safe from the expected bombs and gas attacks. The evacuation was arranged via the schools and whole classes, even whole schools were evacuated together. Many of the children evacuated really did believe it was an exciting adventure and good to get out of the city and see parts of Britain that they would never normally get the chance to see and explore. " My young sister and I were evacuated to Ipswich on the first of September 1939. I can't really remember the preparations but I do remember being on the train at Ilford Station and arriving in Ipswich. We were actually quite excited, I can remember my sister saying she was desperate to explore and see more of our country. We were taken to a church hall I think and then were allowed to have some of the goodies out of the bag we had all been given!! (I remember there were custard cream biscuits and a tin of corned beef and I think some chocolate but what else I've forgotten although I do remember the brown paper carrier bag it was in!) It was all made out to be rather exhilarating and as if it was just a day out, that would last a few weeks.... ...read more.

Middle

"At the end of August 1939, we were told to pack suitcases for the children and prepare for their evacuation from London. I had five children. Joan (13) and John (11) the two oldest reported to their schools for the trip into the unknown. I took the younger ones, Eileen (9), Leslie (7) and Margaret (5), to their school. They had name tickets pinned to their coats and carried their boxed gas masks on a string around their necks. There was a long line of buses ready to take them away and the police on duty, told us to turn our backs, so as not to upset the children if we could not hold back the tears. We had no idea where they were to be taken and it was a most dreadful feeling, losing my five children in one day. I had no idea where they were going, or what they were going to do. I felt as if this may be the last time I was going to see them... as if we were going to be separated for life..." This source taken from a Mother, Lillian Roberts, demonstrates the stress and torture the parents were put through in evacuating their children. So many of them decided to keep their children at home under their supervision rather than under a stranger. As the news spread that Germany had defeated France, some parents thought that Britain could be next in line for vicious attacks so decided to evacuate their children. However not all thought this was the case, and some decided to keep their children at home. During the "Phoney War" period, parents who hadn't evacuated their children seemed to have made the right decision, and parents who had evacuated their children were calling them back. So the attitude of parents who had sent their children away changed once they realised that no attacks were imminent and their children would be just as safe at home. ...read more.

Conclusion

For reasons such as this, when the war ended, some foster parents decided that they wanted to adopt their evacuee, whereas others were glad to see the back of the children they had fostered because they had destroyed their homes with their bad habits and poor manners. The reactions and attitudes of the Foster Parents during the Second World War therefore depended purely on the child they fostered. If they received a child with poor hygiene, bad manners and from a poorer lifestyle, evacuation was not always a pleasant experience for them, and they frowned upon it. Whereas the foster parents who inherited nice, clean, well mannered children, enjoyed their experience and even ended up gaining a new family member, after adopting them, resulting in them believing evacuation was a good idea. Out of every possible category involved in the evacuation process throughout the Second World War, there is only one that supported the whole idea all the way, and this was the organizer of evacuation, the government. This is due to they knew what was best for the country and for morale which was vital in boosting the chances of winning the war, also they knew it was best by it would reduce death count which was also vital. The groups I discussed all had very different reactions to evacuation throughout the war, swaying their opinions. The government rather rashly announced the end of official evacuation on 7th September 1944, the day before the first V.2 rocket fell on London, but even these new attacks failed to halt the steady return to the cities, which reached its peak during the autumn of 1944' One after another from September onwards the former danger districts were proclaimed 'go home' areas, until by the end of the year only Hull and London were not yet considered safe. Their turn finally came on 2nd May 1945, six days before the European war ended, but it was to be nearly another year before the evacuation scheme was officially wound up. Few, it must be acknowledged, mourned its end. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Adoption in a qay home?

    In a study, published in1990, dealing with children living with gay parents, 92% of children questioned expressed worries concerning their situation. A 19 year old student from Wisconsin stated "Growing up is hard enough to do, and I sometimes resented my mother for making it harder".

  2. Is Homework Beneficial to Children in Any way?

    Some people look at these statements and ask the question is all this extra work, effort and pressure, put onto children, really worth it for something that might be true? However the word might is a dangerous one. Using this word suggests that this theory has not been proved either

  1. Task1 Counselling 1aPhysical signs and symptoms of stress

    It is connected in obscure ways with dreaming. Some memories are shaped by language, others by imagery. Much of our moral life depends on the peculiar ways in which we are embedded in time. Memory goes wrong in mundane and minor, or in dramatic and disastrous ways. By Dawn Bewick P28 Reminiscence and dementia Reminiscence refers to recollection of memories from the past.

  2. Children's personal hygiene

    Surfaces must be checked for vandalism and any animal droppings to be cleared and disinfected. Access and fencing - must be secure and in good repair. Gates must be self closing and at least 1.2m high and always locked. Dustbins and rubbish - dustbins to be out of the reach

  1. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    Many parents asked for these clubs to be put on, because they were at work at 3.15pm and so were unable to pick up their children, but by having after school clubs the parents were able to be at the school and collect their children at 4.15pm, as the timing

  2. The idea for my coursework is the potential changing aspirations of teenage girls in ...

    saw marriage as a definite probability, they would like to live their lives more freely and have career aspirations in mind. These results are what I predict are more probable that I will find. Children ' Some girls regard having children as marking the end of your life: "Children- I'd like them, but not for a long time.

  1. The Home Front: Evacuation

    Of course, it was inevitable that there would be a handful of cases like this, but the newspapers are not going to report children settling in well, and enjoying themselves: it's not news; it's far better to print something that interests people, as they are more likely to buy the paper again.

  2. Foundations to Caring

    in diversity and being non-judgemental without discrimination against any child or staff. If there is teamwork in the classroom then it can be a sign of a flourishing relationship between staffs where all tasks and responsibilities are shared out. Only one member of the team is responsible (teacher)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work