• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Which explanations of prejudice help us to understand the behaviour of the children in Jane Elliotts class? Discuss with reference to at least two explanations of prejudice

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'Which explanations of prejudice help us to understand the behaviour of the children in Jane Elliott's class? Discuss with reference to at least two explanations of prejudice' Throughout the ages varying levels of prejudice and discrimination have been experienced and witnessed. This can occur for miscellaneous reasons, such as, a persons' race, creed, disability or even their sexual preference. Difference of opinion is the main contributory factor and in worst case scenarios can lead to hostile acts including physical and verbal assault and violence. To explain this behaviour in a psychological manner, two main approaches are recognised. They are the 'dispositional' and the 'situational'. The first theory stems from Freud's Psychodynamic approach and places focus on a prejudiced individual's personality traits and how far these can be socially influenced during life, also known as personality conflict explanations. The latter, referred to as social conflict theory considers how far prejudice can spread and develop in social situations, particularly between groups who share a common interest. On the Tuesday morning, following the day that race-activist Martin Luther King was assassinated in Memphis, USA. ...read more.

Middle

With the class approval she divided the pupils by eye colour. She told the children with brown eyes that they were inferior to those with blue eyes, and as such could not expect the same treatment or reward. For example, blue-eyed children were allowed a longer break and to queue first for lunch. The other children were made to wear collars so they could be easily identified and they were not allowed to integrate with their fellow peers. The teacher while treating the blue-eyed ones with positive regard, constantly criticised and belittled the brown-eyed group. Rapidly she saw the children switch from sweet, kind children to ones demonstrating hostility, derogation and even violent behaviour towards others just because they had different coloured eyes. On the second day she told them that she had lied and it was in fact the blue-eyed children that were inferior to the brown eyed ones. Within minutes the situation and treatments experienced had reversed. To understand the behaviour of the children, there is a need to explore examples of prejudice which could have influenced their behaviour. ...read more.

Conclusion

Being a teacher means that Jane Elliot has a strong sense of personal identity and can easily influence her impressionable class as demonstrated by the children's complete and undoubted belief in what their teacher is informing them to be the truth, though is commonly known among adults as false. Due to the success of her experiment she further developed the blue eyes/ brown eyes exercise and went on to use this and other exercises in training workshops with adults so they would experience discrimination and therefore feel empathy towards people they perceived as different, be it caused by their age, sex, race, creed or sexuality. When looking at the possible explanations for the prejudice the children demonstrated in class. It is obvious to an extent that personality conflict and social conflict explanations and social identity theory all play a role in determining the reason behind why the children reacted in a hostile manner. However while prejudice and discrimination is definitely a contributory factor and can fuel aggression leading to violence and misconduct. They are not necessarily the only factors. Reference: Connelly, B. (2008) Social Psychology - Prejudice and Discrimination Website: http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A1132480 19/08/2003 Website: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/divided/ ?? ?? ?? ?? Corina Lyle - T00417, Education route 2 - Psychology, 28/12/2008 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Pro and Anti Social Behaviour

    The findings showed that those living in the noise group experienced significant increases in blood pressure and stress hormones. This implies that these may lead to higher levels of aggressive behaviour. In contrast, those in the quiet group experienced no significant changes. This suggests noise may lead to aggressive behaviour.

  2. Theories of Prejudice

    Still, while they may seem to somewhat explain why prejudice exists in some people and not in others, biology has not been proven to be a good predictor of prejudicial behaviour. There are a few explanations for the existence of widespread prejudice. One of these is based in social norms.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work