• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who are the representative theorists within the behavioural perspective and why. In your opinion, are they representative of this perspective?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Who are the representative theorists within the behavioural perspective and why. In your opinion, are they representative of this perspective? The behavioural perspective is built up by many theorists. A good thing when dealing with this approach is that everything comes from clear facts. There are so many theorists that dealt with this perspective, but according to my opinion, John Watson, E. L. Thorndike, B. F. Skinner and Ivan Pavlov are the most important ones. What have these theorists done then, in order to represent this perspective? Of course they must have done something special. Below I will write a bit about each theorist; what they did and why they are representative of this perspective. ...read more.

Middle

If the lever was pressed a food pellet would be given. If a rat was put inside the box and the rat by mistake pressed the lever, a pellet was given. The result of this was that when the rat realized that a food pellet was given, he began to press it more and more often. Skinner expressed his theories like this: "behaviour is shaped and maintained by its consequences". The work of John Watson is also somewhat interesting. He was the founder of behaviourism. He came from the United States and later on he began to write psychology articles when he took a job at J. ...read more.

Conclusion

To make this more clearly; the dogs started to salivate although they just heard Pavlov's footsteps (neutral stimulus). The reason for this is because they associated the footsteps with the arrival of food (unconditioned stimulus). Edwin Thorndike studied problem solving in animals, using a series of puzzle-like tasks. An example of such a task is a cat in a box which has to push a lever in order to get out of the box. Thorndike is probably best known today for his "law of effect". With this concept Thorndike stated that a behaviour which follows by a positive outcome is strengthening and a behaviour which follows by a negative outcome is weakening. Edwin Thorndike was also a teacher at Teachers College at Columbia, where he wrote on education and psychology. ?? ?? ?? ?? Psychology Petter Killander Behavioural perspective IB-1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Behaviourist Perspective

    3 star(s)

    Pavlov studied digestion in dogs. He had some dogs arranged in a harness, with equipment such as to be able to measure how much saliva they would produce when they were fed, and how digestion changed as this occurred. Pavlov noticed that the dogs started to salivate when they started

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Contrast Principles of Classical and Operant Conditioning

    3 star(s)

    the boy they thought it would be just as easy to un-condition him and because they were successful, classical conditioning is now commonly used in treating behaviour problems. Some of the therapies for classical conditioning include systematic desensitisation, Wolpe developed this in 1958 and is a technique based on counter

  1. Research was carried out to investigate the effect of the direction of incident light ...

    c Light intensity 2.950 flux 2.920 flux 2.930 flux 2.933 flux Maggot mass 0.070g 0.080g 0.100g 0.083g Precautions These are the factors that would have rendered my investigation invalid, and the steps I took to minimise them Heat pollution and Variations in temperature Description: If there is a significant amount of I.R.

  2. Who are the representative theorists within the learning perspective and why in your opinion, ...

    Bandura has also taken an important part within the learning perspective. His main theory was that humans learn observationally, by watching others' behaviours. He developed the social learning theory. The observational learning was proven through the experiment he did which he named "Bashing Bobo".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work