• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War

Extracts from this document...


Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War? The whole aim of the policy of evacuation was that the government thought that it would be safer for children, pregnant women, disabled people, teachers and mothers with young children as they were scared for when the German bombing raids began and they wanted to preserve the next generation. The fact is that they were children and they didn't want them to suffer. The evacuation was first introduced near the end of 1939 as they introduced it the day before Hitler invaded Poland. They mainly went to the countryside, as this was where it was considered safe for the evacuees. The amount of evacuees that were evacuated from the major British cities were 47% of schoolchildren and about the third of mothers went to designated areas, which is 827,000 schoolchildren, 524,000 mothers and children under school age, 13,000 expectant mothers, 103,000 teachers and 7,000 handicapped people. ...read more.


They were labelled like pieces of luggage. Teachers and people they did not know looked after them for a while whilst this was happening. Mothers told them three instructions, which were not to complain, grin and smile however you feel, look after your brother/s or sister/s and also not forgetting to write home. Trains, which were often dirty, transported them and all the children were all packed in like a tin of sardines. Most poor children were not used to long distances, being away from home and travelling and by the time they got of the trains they were hot, bothered, tired, upset and dirty. They were all then taken to a church, village or school hall, then lined up against the wall or on the stage and the foster families would just pick whom they preferred. They did not pick the poorer scruffier children unless they had to. The foster families reactions to the evacuees were mixed but they mainly disliked them as they were seen as vermin as they were dirty and did not how to use certain things, as they did not have or use it in the cities. ...read more.


People also only thought that evacuation was going to last until Christmas aswel. The government gave financial help to the foster families for taking the evacuees in as they felt they needed to reward kind souls for taking in someone else's child/children. Yes the government was right to set up evacuation because it protected children from the bombings and, in a sense, preserved the lives of a future generation; especially if a future prospect of war was to ever happen. No the government was not right to set up evacuation because it separated mothers, children and entire families, as well as creating problems for those trying to track down missing family members. It had effects on those who were evacuated because they were constantly worried about loved ones who were still in the cities. Yes it was successful because as explained, fewer lives of children were lost and they were safe in the rural areas, whereas it was not as successful because many families refused to be separated and more lives were therefore lost. ?? ?? ?? ?? GCSE History coursework Mr Wilcox Roxanne Kouble 10 Hume ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    Also although the children are mainly studying literacy and maths they are studying other subjects too, so they are maintaining a balance. Plus they are treating computers as a proper lesson. Also the teacher is sticking to the timetable that she has been given by the education authorities.

  2. In Britain today, most people live in nuclear families - The aim of this ...

    The second quote completely contradicts the views of the Archbishop of Canterbury. Robin Skynner who is a Psychiatrist believes that "the priority has to be on individual welfare and development" so the family does not necessarily have to stay together.

  1. What Were The Differing Reactions In Britain To The Policy Of Evacuating Children During ...

    The parent's reactions and attitudes towards evacuation throughout the Second World War changed significantly. When the first evacuation took place many mothers didn't want their children to be evacuated because they thought there was no need to split up families.

  2. The idea for my coursework is the potential changing aspirations of teenage girls in ...

    one on four say getting married is their number one priority in their life.' I think this piece of information is very unusual as is contradicts the above statement. The research shows that girls want to get married at a considerably younger age than average.

  1. The evacuation of British Children - Which source is the more useful as evidence ...

    Wash all the boys in one bath and all the girls in another.') It could be encouraging mothers to wash all the children together, so that they can help save water. The source might not have anything to do with evacuation, so therefore it is of little use to me.

  2. why did the british government decide to evacuate......children from Britain's Major cities at the ...

    get the blame if the children got caught up in a bomb raid and got killed because if the children got killed the country would blame the government for not taking action and this would also affect the next general vote and election.

  1. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    Another reason was the fact that there was a strong possibility that many of these non-evacuated children would be psychologically affected - seeing death and bombs crashing down on cities was not the sort of exposure a child needed and so the government probably felt it had to evacuate, for the sake of the children's mental health.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from the major British cities ...

    It also made them feel they were fighting for something as if a lot of children died in the attacks then there would be

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work