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Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War?

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Introduction

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War? There are many reasons for the British government to evacuate children during world war two. Some of the reasons to why children were evacuated where that mothers were free to work in the munitions factories without the worry of their children, Two. There would be fewer casualties when bombs were dropped on the cities, Three. They were away from key industrial cities, which were a danger due to the germen bombings, Four. The fathers could concentrate on fighting knowing that their children were safe from the bombings, Five. If the war went on for longer than they expected then they would have a future generation, which are able to fight, and finally morale. If the children were evacuated to the countryside the mothers were free from worry. They now could get on with their work, i.e. in the munitions factories. With the worry off their shoulders they would be able to concentrate better and get more work done. ...read more.

Middle

People thought that now the German forces were bigger and better and with their improved technology they would be able to do mass destruction. The civilians also carried gas masks around with them all the time to ensure they would be safe from poisonous gases if Hitler decided to gas them. They carried the gas masks around their necks just in case they were gassed. During world war two, many children were moved from areas that were at risk from being bombed. The children had to leave their families and go live with complete strangers in a less dangerous environment. They were evacuated to parts of the countryside. The first children to be evacuated were on the first of September 1939, the day when Germany invaded Poland. In the first three days of September 1939, nearly 3,000,000 people were evacuated to the countryside. The children wore identity labels, gas masks, and carried a small suitcase, which contained food and clothes. They left their homes in the early hours of the morning when it was dark so the Germans didn't know what Britain was up to. ...read more.

Conclusion

Here they could import food, materials, supplies and export troops and the ammunition. If these were bombed Britain would suffer from starvation. Germany knew all of this information and used it to their advantage. If they bombed these key industrial cities of Britain, it would make Britain a great deal weaker and allow Germany to obtain Britain. This is why the children were evacuated to the countryside, away from the danger of been bombed. They were safer in the countryside because the German's didn't bomb there, as it would not have a direct effect on the British military as nothing was made there. Germans believed that if they bombed places it would wipe out most of towns at one time. It would save the German army a lot of time and a great deal of energy and ammunition. Bombing could destroy industries, homes, peoples lively hood, transport, land, factories and could kill or injure hundreds of people at once. There were many reasons to why the British government decided to evacuate children from the major cities in Britain at the beginning of the Second World War, but what ever they did it was done for the right reasons. ...read more.

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