• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War? There are many reasons for the British government to evacuate children during world war two. Some of the reasons to why children were evacuated where that mothers were free to work in the munitions factories without the worry of their children, Two. There would be fewer casualties when bombs were dropped on the cities, Three. They were away from key industrial cities, which were a danger due to the germen bombings, Four. The fathers could concentrate on fighting knowing that their children were safe from the bombings, Five. If the war went on for longer than they expected then they would have a future generation, which are able to fight, and finally morale. If the children were evacuated to the countryside the mothers were free from worry. They now could get on with their work, i.e. in the munitions factories. With the worry off their shoulders they would be able to concentrate better and get more work done. ...read more.

Middle

People thought that now the German forces were bigger and better and with their improved technology they would be able to do mass destruction. The civilians also carried gas masks around with them all the time to ensure they would be safe from poisonous gases if Hitler decided to gas them. They carried the gas masks around their necks just in case they were gassed. During world war two, many children were moved from areas that were at risk from being bombed. The children had to leave their families and go live with complete strangers in a less dangerous environment. They were evacuated to parts of the countryside. The first children to be evacuated were on the first of September 1939, the day when Germany invaded Poland. In the first three days of September 1939, nearly 3,000,000 people were evacuated to the countryside. The children wore identity labels, gas masks, and carried a small suitcase, which contained food and clothes. They left their homes in the early hours of the morning when it was dark so the Germans didn't know what Britain was up to. ...read more.

Conclusion

Here they could import food, materials, supplies and export troops and the ammunition. If these were bombed Britain would suffer from starvation. Germany knew all of this information and used it to their advantage. If they bombed these key industrial cities of Britain, it would make Britain a great deal weaker and allow Germany to obtain Britain. This is why the children were evacuated to the countryside, away from the danger of been bombed. They were safer in the countryside because the German's didn't bomb there, as it would not have a direct effect on the British military as nothing was made there. Germans believed that if they bombed places it would wipe out most of towns at one time. It would save the German army a lot of time and a great deal of energy and ammunition. Bombing could destroy industries, homes, peoples lively hood, transport, land, factories and could kill or injure hundreds of people at once. There were many reasons to why the British government decided to evacuate children from the major cities in Britain at the beginning of the Second World War, but what ever they did it was done for the right reasons. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. During the war over 3,000,000 children were evacuated into the British countryside and sent ...

    However nearly four years later Germans began to use flying bombs and massive V2 rockets launched from France to attack Britain. This meant there had to be another wave of evacuation where children were not only sent to the British countryside but also abroad to places like Canada.

  2. MIKE TYSON: A Fighting Force or Forced to Fight?

    However, considering this argument from a Freudian perspective would be quite radically different. From a Freudian point of view the rape and sexual assaults discussed in this example, stemmed from the impulses from his "id" which were demanding sexual gratification.

  1. A sociological investigation into cohabitation in Britain today.

    answers to the financial benefits that cohabiting couples receive over married couples. An example of this was given by one participant who related the financial benefits to cohabiting couples with children by saying "Parents can get extra benefits as single parents even if they are living with their partner".

  2. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at ...

    happen for another year and so the children could have been with their families and not with the foster families that did not want them. At the start of the war schools were evacuated together, children had to wear identity labels.

  1. The idea for my coursework is the potential changing aspirations of teenage girls in ...

    A pilot study is similar to an unstructured informal interview in the fact that it gives the respondent the opportunity to use their own words and give an in depth account and as the researcher it enables me to ask a wider range of questions to obtain answers to be

  2. why did the british government decide to evacuate......children from Britain's Major cities at the ...

    I believe that the government sent teacher to carry on with the children's education because children are the future of a country and they will need to take care of the country one day. Another reason why, I think, the government evacuated the children was because they didn't want to

  1. how children in different parts of the world travel to school

    How I will Collect my Data I will obtain my data from a data collection site called Census at School. From this, I can get a computer generated random sample of 30 people from both England and South Africa. This will provide me with a range of results on distance travelled and time taken to get to school.

  2. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    this time with the threat real, the British government had to act. Another reason as to why the British government evacuated children from major cities was the fact that, with children being of no use in terms of contribution towards the war effort, keeping children in these cities would have

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work