• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in early years of the Second World War.

Extracts from this document...


Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in early years of the Second World War Terror shook down the spine of the British public when in September 1939 World War Two broke out and then by June 1940 much of Europe had been taken over by Germany. The German realised that the way to invade and conquer Britain was to control the skies; therefore the Germans attacked the British airfields and radar stations. Then the Germans leader Adolph Hitler changed his tactics and decided to bomb Britain's main cities. Evacuation began as soon as the war broke out; evacuation is when children from the major towns and cities were moved to the countryside for safety from the Germans bombing the cities. ...read more.


Many people regretted evacuating when the expected bombing of cities did not take place until 1939. By January 1940, an estimated one million evacuees had returned home. Which was not a good idea. World War Two was the first time the home front got a taste of intense bombing. In world war one mainly coastal areas were bombed and the bombs weren't as effective as new technology in 1940. The affects of bombing during world war one helped the government thinking because they had an idea of what the Germans were planning to do e.g. turning all lights off so the Germans didn't have any targets. And Britain realised that the shelters weren't as affective as evacuation. So you could say Britain learnt a lot from the war. ...read more.


Women were also being evacuated and they could help in the war effort by growing there own food and rationing essential items. If the children had not been evacuated then thousands of children could have been tormented by psychological damage after seeing family and friends dying from the bombs. Also as the children were not in the cities it left the hospitals for war casualties. Evacuation is a very clever plan and if it meant saving the children by taking them away from there homes then I think it was very necessary. The bombing came later than expected so the children went back home, this was a disaster as many of them lost their lives. I believe the government was right in the decision in evacuating children. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. This curriculum plan is to be based on children aged between nought to two ...

    toddler room, a small group with adult Children's initials AW DR GT ML Gender F F M M Age 2:6 1:5 2 1:9 Aim: look closely at similarities, differences, patterns and change. Animals and life cycles Key learning outcomes A strong child Enjoys being with familiar and trusted others, values

  2. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    * The school also has a parent's association group, and the parents involved help to raise money for the school by baking and selling cakes and raffles. This was due to parents volunteering to help with school finances. * Also the school has technology days every so often, and parents

  1. A sociological investigation into cohabitation in Britain today.

    and so to support that, the high majority of people believe that there has been an increase in cohabitation. The results of this question links to past research done into the increase of cohabitation and continues to show the great impact cohabitation seems to be having in society today.

  2. Is the landowner the driving force in urban redevelopment?

    Of those whose main stated reason for ownership was to sell the site in future, some 82% were found to have encouraged or significantly encouraged development (Adams, et. al. 2002:145). By contrast, only 22% of those who wished to retain the site for their own use without any development had encouraged redevelopment.

  1. 'Are Mothers Necessary?'

    assed the parent and child in the strange situation. Therefore, the data could be both inaccurate and biased, as the person observing knew the mother and child beforehand, and may have had certain expectations. Another problem with the strange situation experiment is that it simple measures several minutes of reunion behaviour in unnatural and unfamiliar laboratory surroundings.

  2. What Were The Differing Reactions In Britain To The Policy Of Evacuating Children During ...

    they were away from the war and the constant bombings and air raids. This truly showed the reason why evacuation was put into action and the children also appreciated that they were safe and had been given this great opportunity to survive.

  1. Coursework: Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities ...

    The government evacuation plan 'Operation Pied Piper' had planned to evacuate about 3,500,000 people but in fact only 1,500,000 made use of the official scheme. By the evening of September 3rd 1939, a few hours after war had been officially declared, 827,000 school children, 524,000 young children and their mothers

  2. The idea for my coursework is the potential changing aspirations of teenage girls in ...

    I have analyzed each source of my research, referring back to my secondary sources. This will later allow me to evaluate my project and assist me in concluding whether, and to what extent aspirations have changed. Part 1- presentation of results Primary research 1- initial pilot study Results Having carried

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work